[GGRA02H3] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 26 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 29 Nov 2016
School
Department
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UTSC
GGRA02H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 2: What is Geography? What is Globalization
Outline
- Review
- Lecture: Place
- Break
- Lecture: Globalization
- Looking Forward
Review
A variety of different global processes exit
- Economic, political, cultural and environmental
We may be bound together through a variety of processes people experience
global issues very differently
When we critically interrogate our own everyday lives we are revealed global
Defining Geography
- The study of the spatial organization of human activity and of people’s relationships
with their environment’s (Knox, Martson and Nash),2010;4)
- Our human activity is always special
- The world organization points to a broad #of relations including a consideration of
economics, culture, politics and other social process
- The word environment should be understood broadly to include a range of different
social and physical landscapes and places.
Geography Key Assumptions
- There is nothing natural about our social worlds, rather our social worlds are
produced through a range of relationships and process
- Multiple histories and geographies exist and over layer one another
- Social and cultural difference and inequality are defining features of our world
- At its best, geography is premised on an ‘integral’ or ‘open’ analysis that identifies a
range of determining relations/forces.
-
Place
- A place is often assumed to be a discreet entity like a park, neighborhood or campus
- Based on an assumption that a place is a bounded object
- Assumption that place is comprised of a coherent community
- At its best, geography is premised on an internal or open analysis that identifies a
range of determining relations/forces
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How do we define UTSC as a place?
- Pan Am Centre, Professors,
Place
- A place is a social, cultural, political and economic entity that assumes its specific
character because of the complex flows and connections that come together.
- A global sense of place
- Layered meaning reflects the social construction of place
- Places are not simply coherent communities but rather are internally contradictory
- Places are subject to change
Place
- Plays a powerful role in defining life chances
- the settings for people’s daily lives
- All processes are grounded in some physical location (Global finance is connected
to specific location in a series of world cities
- The particularity of a place affects the character or a range of social, cultural ,
political and economic process
The Challenge of place
- Quote: If place is really a meeting place then lived reality of our daily lives is far from
being “If place is really a meeting place then ‘the lived reality of our daily lives’ is far
from being localised in its connections, its sources and resources, and in its
repercussions, that ‘daily life’ spreads much wider” (Massey, 2002)
The Power of Geographical Imagination
- Emphasizes the interdependence of both places and processes at different scales
- Fosters an understanding of the political, economic and cultural process that define
our world system and the relationship of different regions to one another
- Allows of us understand the relationship between place and social and cultural
difference
Globalization: Conventional Understandings
- Perception that globalization is inevitable
- We can no more resist the current forces of globalization, than we can resist the
force of gravity.” Bill Clinton
“End of History” Thesis
Political economic life is converging on a capitalist future.
Driven by economic processes including the spread of corporations and finance.
Assumption that the distinctiveness of place is being erased by forces of
globalization
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Document Summary

A variety of different global processes exit. We may be bound together through a variety of processes people experience global issues very differently. When we critically interrogate our own everyday lives we are revealed global. The study of the spatial organization of human activity and of people"s relationships with their environment"s (knox, martson and nash),2010;4) The world organization points to a broad #of relations including a consideration of economics, culture, politics and other social process. The word environment should be understood broadly to include a range of different social and physical landscapes and places. There is nothing natural about our social worlds, rather our social worlds are produced through a range of relationships and process. Multiple histories and geographies exist and over layer one another. Social and cultural difference and inequality are defining features of our world. At its best, geography is premised on an integral" or open" analysis that identifies a range of determining relations/forces.

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