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Global Asia Studies
Henry Shiu

Tipitaka • 3 baskets - what makes you a Buddhist (Buddha, dharma, sanga) teachings/monastic community - • sutta pitaka - basket of threads - discourse of Buddha • vinya pitaka - basket of discipline - rules for nuns/monks to follow ex) celebacy • adhidamamma pitka - basket of teaching - doctrines of Buddha - interpreting of poems/essays of Buddha • what the Quran is to Islam - is what the 3 baskets is to Buddhism • basic scripture/cannon of the heart of Buddhism Vedas: • book of knowledge • authorize/sacred text of Hinduism • broken into 4 parts • rg Veda - wisdom of verses - priests how to pray to deities - oldest • yagur veda - wisdom of sacramental offerings - ritual acts of instruments/offerings • sama Veda - wisdom of chants through musical/ritual performances • artharva Veda - wisdom of priest artharva - spells/incantations - reflects religious concern • goal is to convey the msg to worshipping a god/gods/goddess/subordination yourself to a higher supernatural power through rituals Samhita: collection of hymns within the Veda Darshanna: the viewing or seeing a deity through a sacred image Avatars: the incarnation of Hindu gods in human/animal form Murti: • sacred image or statue of a god/gods/goddesses • expresses divine spirits • made from stone, wood, metal, paint • has 2 elements - gods have certain features ex) Vishnu is blue or are animal/human like such as - Ganesha - elephant head/human body - • Idea is to show worship/love/devotion to these - is parallel to the actual worship of god - it’s an easy access for humans to connect to god, rather than going to a priest who can sometimes be the mediate between the 2. Dharma: • complex term that can be interpretation in two different ways • Hinduism: means duty, obligation, virtue, ethnical, law • Buddhism: means phenomena – stat e of nature as I • In both, it carries social and religious duty! If violated it may result to chaos • linked to the concept of karma – in order to achieve good karma it is impt to live life according to dharma “what is right” Pancasila • 5 precepts in Buddhism • Moral conduct – guidelines that mold attitude and actions • One of the ways to achieving liberation/enlightenment • Refrain from: sex, intoxicants, lying, stealing, and harming living creatures. • Respect for life, property, sex, truthfulness,  • Seen as the HEART of ethnical behavior:  springboard to reach great “ethnical  heights”  Karma: • Means actions/deeds • Concept of good vs. bad actions: Both in Buddhism/Hinduism • Actions carry out corresponding consequences not only in this life but also in  terms of reincarnation  • Law: the extent to which a person fulfils their duties of this life, determines the  form in which they will be reincarnation – god, titan, human, hungry ghosts,  animal or priest, war
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