Tenochtitlan It was the economic, cultural and political center of the Aztec empire.
From 1325 to 1521
It fell before Hernan Cortes and his Spanish conquistadores.
They were the first ones to build a city and start a massive empire
Tenochtitlan was the largest city of their time and people worshipped them
Indentured Servitude agreed to work for 7 years, got no wages, shipped to a plantation(slaves or
introduced in 1680
looked for good work force (labourers resulted to more tobacco being
important because it formed a Plantation agriculture: Production of staple
crops (e.g., tobacco, rice, cotton) for an export market, production carried out
largely on scattered plantations worked by forced labor in return for having
their passage to America paid, for bed and board, and for some modest
freedom until their time was up.
--Got no wages.
--Under severe work discipline
Powhatan leader of the natives
held a confederation in the mid 1600d
took place in Virginia
They were the first group to have contact with settlers in Jamestown.
If it were not for the Powhatan tribe, the colonists never would have survived.
Pocahontas saved the life of John Smith and later married John Rolfe
Important because it created a stronger and more positive relationship
between the tribe and the colonists
The peace lasted until Powhatan's death.
Mercantilism • They focused on mercantilism – is a capitalist develop, a nation- state seeks
to direct the economy, to strengthen itself – exist to benefit the mother country, low
imports and high exports
• 17th century It was introduced, looked to bring in more gold and silver
• these are usually investors, seek to take advantage of the natural resources
• they wanted to bring in Christianity as well
Bacons Rebellion and William Berkeley: was governor of Virginia 1642 until 1652 and from 1660 until
his death in 1677. He advocated economic diversification and promoted trade
between the colonists and the Virginia Indians.
He was involved in the Bacons Rebellion in 1676 against Nathanial Bacon
Bacon established himself of the leader of the farmers, looked to kill native
Americans ( he wanted power, this meant land) therefore he killed Indians
Bacon was seen as a rebel ex) burnt down Jamestown
Many of the supporters of the rebellion were indentured servants and slaves,
who were a majority of Virginia's population (elites versus servants) social
Racial tensions increased and Internal issues increase (white versus white)
It was important because that was the first rebellion of the American colonies. Plantation Society Was created by the Europeans
It is a society dominated by large landholders who control large land/workforces
to produce resources and export them (plantation agriculture)
1680 it went from white indentured servants -> African slaves
Plantation slavery – emerged during the expansion of Europe
Free labour – ppl get paid for work
Capitalism – produced commodities to make profits
Europeans wanted to extract commodities – corrosive labour is established
Middle Passage Is also known as the voyage to the Americas
It was a journey taken by slave ships from west Africa to west indies
Last 3 months
Africans were rammed and chained to each other (diseases spread)
The survivors ended up in sugar plantations in the Caribbean’s before 1700
Important because racial slavery has been adopted
It was the center point of the "triangle trade" that exchanged European goods for
slaves, and then sold the slaves to the colonies for raw materials to take back to
Europe to make more goods to trade.
It brought a cheap labor force - in the form of slaves - to the new world which
made raw materials cheaper in Europe and bolstered trade around the world
It was also responsible for the deaths of millions of Africans and the enslavement
of millions more.
Metacom Also known as King Philip's War, 1675–76,
To protect their lands, the Wampanoag chief King Philip (Metacom) organized a
federation of tribes, which in 1675 destroyed several frontier settlements
It was an intense military warfare between English settlers and Indians because of
Main land English colonies experienced native American attacks
This led to the civil war. Results: During the war, 800 England settlers were killed,
towns were destroyed and damaged
The goal was to extinct the Indians
Important: it is one of the most devastating war between the colonists and the
Native Americans in New England
Patriarchy Comes from the Greek word Pater and Archein (father and rule)
people use it to refer a male dominated society
A system in which power and resources in society are dominated by men at the
expense of women.
Important because it shows the gender roles between men and women in colonial
example of patriarchal organisation of European settler families (boxes below
show father signify dependents)
son would heritage property from father to help support your fa