HISC11 EXAM NOTES.docx

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Department
History
Course
HISC11H3
Professor
Katherine Blouin
Semester
Spring

Description
HISC11EXAMNOTESLecture2MulticulturalismandCulturalIdentitiesConceptualandMethodologicalIssuesCultureComes from the Latin word Cultura cultivation and the verb colo which means to till tend to bestow care upon a thing The word came to develop into the nonagricultural term in 1500 to mean betterment or refinement of individuals especially through educationcultivation through education hIn the 18 century the term evolved further to refer more frequently to the common reference points of whole peoples Collective customs and achievements of a peopleIn the widest sense culture may now be said to be the whole complex of distinctive spiritual material intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or a group Culture is central to peoples identities and their understanding of themselves Expresses himself becomes aware of himself questions his achievements seeks for meaning It is important to note that culture is an everchanging and heterogeneous concept As Edward Siad has stated No culture is pureAll cultures are involved in one another none is single and pure all are hybrid heterogeneous extraordinarily differentiated and unmonolithicHighestpossibleidealforhumandevelopmentMulticulturalismReferstothecoexistenceofseveralculturalgroupsinadelimitedterritoryAcommunitycontainingmultipleculturesthepreservationofdifferentculturesorculturalidentitieswithinaunifiedsocietyasastateornationInterculturalismCommunicationandinteractionprocessbetweenindividualsbelongingtodifferentculturesDifferencebetweenCultureEthnicgroupNationEthnicgroupComesfromtheGreekwordEthnoswhichencompassedthemeaningofanumberofpeoplelivingtogethersexcastofmenwhomakeupanationpeopleTodayEthnicgroupsisagroupofpeoplewhoidentifywitheachotherbasedonsharedancestrylanguageCulturalhistoryThecoreelementsofEthnicityisMythofcommondescentorkingshipExampleThemyththatpeoplefromQuebecaredescendsfromFrenchpeopleSharedterritorySenseofsharedhistoryForanyconceptionoftheselfyouneedtodifferentiatefromtheotherJhallSelfconsciousnessofbelongingtoanethnicgroupandisadynamicprocessthatisstructuredbyethnicgroupsinsocialinteractionwithoneanotherEthnicityisasenseofpeoplehoodarisingfromsharedbloodhistoryterritorylanguageandcustomsNationComesfromtheLatinwordNascorwhichmeanstobebornNationcanrefertoapeopleraceortribekindthosehavingthesamedescentlanguageandhistoryHoweverthegeneralideaofanationisapoliticalmeaninganationhasaterritoryandowngovernmentwithpopularsovereigntyAcommunityofpeoplewithitsownterritoryandgovernmentTheconceptofcultureforthisclassisusefulasthetermcultureisbroaderandmoreappropriateforancienthistoryIdentityComesfromtheLatinwordidentitaswhichmeanssamenessItessentiallymeanstherelationeachthingbearstoitselfAsetofcharacteristicsonegivestooneselfIdentityisAsenseofsamenessusbutitisalsoAsenseofseparatenessfromothersOtherThequalitiesbeliefsetcthatmakeaparticularpersonorgroupdifferentfromothersItisimportanttonotethatthetermidentityisaconceptusedtodefineabstractrealityConstructionofidentityisasubjectivematteritisacognitiveandaffectiveprocessIdentitiesareunstableandarepronetochangesItisdependentonrepresentationsForexamplealthoughwearenotcertainwhatJesusCleopatraoranalienlookslikewehavecertainelementstowhichcanidentitythemThisisknownasSocialRepresentationFormofknowledgesociallyelaboratedandsharedwhichhaspracticaldesignsandsaimsatestablishingacommonrealitywithinasocialgroupItisapsychicgridthroughwhichindividualsdecodetheworldtheyliveinImportanttonotethatsocialrepresentationisconstructedthroughacognitiveprocessthusweseeNottheworldisbutthewayitisseenbyusItisrealityversusinterpretationofthatreality
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