HLTA02H3 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Medicine, Social Science, Sociology

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12 Oct 2018
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HLTA02H3
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018
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HLTA02: lecture 1: What is Criticality?
Has many meanings:
Ofod Eglish Ditioa: epessig o iolig itiis
A reference to higher-order cognitive skills used to critically appraise
arguments and evidence analytical
A particular orientation or approach to knowledge-action: example a ritial
soial siee perspetive rooted in social theory
Wh soiet is the a it is politial, eooi…
We eed to uestio ot the hat ut the h o ho
In order to understand a problem, we need to understand multiple
perspectives.
Attributes of Critical Thinkers (assignments)
Interest in context, power, social relations and fairness even when these
ideas and dialogues are challenging or uncomfortable.
Problematize: ideas, evidence, conclusions, perspective, origins. Need
information to make a decision.
Committed to humility, fairness, collaboration, reflexivity.
Reflective: thinking about a concept.
Reflectiveness: putting yourself in the problem and the impact you will have
on others.
Creative: open to thinking outside the box. You cannot treat an affluenza
outbreak the same as an obesity outbreak.
Knowledge-power nexus and epistemic communities: committed to rigorous
application of theory to practice
Value and purpose: social justice, solidarity, social transformation.
Epistemic Communities:
a etok of people ith eogized epetise ho possess a shaed set of…
principled beliefs, common practices, and a conviction that human welfare
will be enhanced as a oseuee.
3 types of beliefs
What is critical Health studies?
Health sciences:
A collection of disciplines that support and constitute medicine:
Disiplies ased aoud edial ategoies ad asi siees suh
as nursing, occupational therapy, pharmacy.
Disciplines based around edial ategories ad asi siees such
as anesthesiology, micro-biology, toxicology, genetics, and
immunology.
Disciplines based around clinical specialties such as geriatrics,
pediatrics, family practice, critical care, and mental health care.
Health studies:
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Can look from a multiple perspectives.]
Ideology is not something theoretical, in fact it forms decisions
What ideologies underpin health and social care systems?
Well-fare, child care benefits, OD+, etc.
Canada is the only country in the world that offers Universal healthcare
without pharma-care
(Critical) Health Studies:
Knowing together: questions posted by the Health Studies Epistemic
Community
What constitutes health, illness, and care?
What ideologies underpin health and social care systems?
What health challenges do individuals and communities face?
What historic conditions and emerging dynamics are shifting our experience
of health and illness?
Disciplinary in Health Studies- what are they?
Multi: interaction is very limited. Example: salad bowl, you can see the tomatoes,
cucumbers, and lettuce.
Inter: sharing of knowledge, practices and theories. Shared perspective. Do not really
know where the boundaries are. Public health falls in this segment.
Trans: collaborative work that addresses the work. Mixes quantitative and
qualitative. You do not see the ingredients in the cake (egg, sugar, etc.)
Transdisciplinary in Health
An epistemic community forms around a common conceptual framework that:
Combines disciplinary knowledge
Combines knowledge from different conceptual fields (caring studies,
cultural studies, etc.)
Combines knowledge from different professional domains
Rigorous use of mixed-methods: quantitative and qualitative
Collaborative and often participation from multiple stakeholders
Why Disciplinarily approaches?
Resolve a real world problem
Resolve complex problems
Offer multiple perspectives
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