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HLTB15H3 Study Guide - Biostatistics, Medical Anthropology, Health Psychology

Health Studies
Course Code
Iva Zovkic

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Midterm Review Key Terms
Lecture # 1
Research: systematic and rigorous process of enquiry which aims to describe
phenomena and to develop and test explanatory concepts and theories
Health Research: Focuses on information and understanding about health and factors
that improve the health of individuals
o Health Systems Research: EFFECTIVENESS and EFFICIENCY of the health
o Health Services Research: Relationships between HEALTH SERVICE
DELIVERY and the HEALTH NEEDS of the population
o Health Technology Research: Health care interventions
Quantitative Research: Numerical, Uses surveys, lab experiments, theory of positivism,
scientific method, objective measures
Positivism: Philosophy of science based on the view that information derived from
sensory experience, logical and mathematical treatments should be the only source of all
authoritative knowledge. Scientific knowledge is the only VALID knowledge/truth
supposedly; all social phenomena can be measured objectively and quantitatively
Qualitative Research: Interpretive school of though
o Theories of ethnomethodology (ethnic differences in any event), social/systems
interactionism, reaction theory, structural theory
o Uses unstructured interviews, observations, case studies, ethnography, focus
o Textual, rather than numerical or ordered
Analytic Techniques
o Linear Regression, Sampling Techniques, Optimization, Variable Classification,
Variable Reduction, Hypothesis Testing, Forecasting Methods, Logistic
Types of Research
o Exploratory research begin to see what is actually out there about a subject,
baseline, explore certain problem, problem in preliminary stage
o Descriptive research describe what it is, event
o Analytic research looking at relationships and associations, built on
descriptive and exploratory, researcher has specific hypothesis to test
Medical Anthropology: relationships between issues of health/health care and culture
or societies
Demography: characteristics of human populations
Epidemiology: patterns, causes, and control of diseases
Health Economy: Comparison of costs and consequences of health care
Health Geography: spatial patterns of health, disease, and health care
Health Policy: Health resource allocation how much money goes wear
Medical sociology: social factors and health, application of sociological theory
Health psychology: biology, behavior, and societal relationships and health and illness
Health professionals: Nurses, Doctors, etc identify or prevent or treat illness of
Biostatistics: application of statistics to a topic in biology, health, disease and health
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