HLTB21 final exam study sheet.docx

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8 Dec 2013

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HLTB21-Infectious Disease Review Sheet (Fall 2013)
Greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,
hydrocarbons/hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride
Chagas disease: Trypanosoma cruzi (parasite)
Abdominal Angiostrongyliasis: Angiostrongylus (nematode)
Drug-resistance bacteria: Shigella dysenteriae, N.gonorrheae and Haemophilus
Steriosis: food-related disease
Toxic Shock Syndrome: women who used tampons
MRSA: streptococcus orios (antibiotic resistant)
Malaria: Plasmodium falciparum, vivax, ovale, malariae (Transmitted by female
Anopheles mosquito )
No vaccine, only prophylactic drugs: quinine, chloroquine and artemisinin derivatives
and preventative measures (bed nets, screens, activity timing, insecticides, reducing
water sources)
Clostridium difficile Infection: a bacterium that causes mild to severe diarrhea and
intestinal conditions like colitis (colon inflammation); in feces; infection via contact to
Tuberculosis: mycobacterium (Only 5-10% of those infected will develop active TB)
XDR-TB: extensively drug-resistant TB - resists treatment by two of the first-line drugs
(isoniazid, rifampicin) and resistance to any of the fluoroquinolones, and any one of the
three injectable second-line drugs (amikacin, capreomycin, kanamycin)
MERS: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
VRE: E. faecalis and E. faecium
Lyme Disease: borrelia burgdorferi
HIV: lenti-virus impairement of T-cells
Schistosomiasis: parasitic infection (through skin contact) with free-swimming larval
stage (cercarier) of trematodes that develop in freshwater smails
[nematode, bacterium, parasite, plasmodium, protozoa, virus]
Re-emergent diseases:
MDR-TB, DR- malaria, Vancomycine-resistant S. aureus, Human monkey pox
Dengue, Yellow fever, Cholera, Plague, Lyme disease, West Nile Virus, Rift Valley fever,
Diphtheria, Typhoid fever
Important keywords
TB in Harlem, NY
Virgin Field epidemic
Structural violence
Viral chatter
Factors in Disease Re/Emergence
Microbial adaptation and change
Social/economic/technological change
Breakdown in public health measures
Ecological/Environmental change
Demographic change
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