HLTB21 final exam study sheet.docx

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8 Dec 2013
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HLTB21-Infectious Disease Review Sheet (Fall 2013)
Greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide,
hydrocarbons/hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride
(SF6)
Chagas disease: Trypanosoma cruzi (parasite)
Abdominal Angiostrongyliasis: Angiostrongylus (nematode)
Drug-resistance bacteria: Shigella dysenteriae, N.gonorrheae and Haemophilus
influenzae
Steriosis: food-related disease
Toxic Shock Syndrome: women who used tampons
MRSA: streptococcus orios (antibiotic resistant)
Malaria: Plasmodium falciparum, vivax, ovale, malariae (Transmitted by female
Anopheles mosquito )
No vaccine, only prophylactic drugs: quinine, chloroquine and artemisinin derivatives
and preventative measures (bed nets, screens, activity timing, insecticides, reducing
water sources)
Clostridium difficile Infection: a bacterium that causes mild to severe diarrhea and
intestinal conditions like colitis (colon inflammation); in feces; infection via contact to
mouth
Tuberculosis: mycobacterium (Only 5-10% of those infected will develop active TB)
XDR-TB: extensively drug-resistant TB - resists treatment by two of the first-line drugs
(isoniazid, rifampicin) and resistance to any of the fluoroquinolones, and any one of the
three injectable second-line drugs (amikacin, capreomycin, kanamycin)
MERS: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
VRE: E. faecalis and E. faecium
Lyme Disease: borrelia burgdorferi
HIV: lenti-virus impairement of T-cells
Schistosomiasis: parasitic infection (through skin contact) with free-swimming larval
stage (cercarier) of trematodes that develop in freshwater smails
[nematode, bacterium, parasite, plasmodium, protozoa, virus]
Re-emergent diseases:
MDR-TB, DR- malaria, Vancomycine-resistant S. aureus, Human monkey pox
Dengue, Yellow fever, Cholera, Plague, Lyme disease, West Nile Virus, Rift Valley fever,
Diphtheria, Typhoid fever
Important keywords
Fuji-shock
TB in Harlem, NY
Neoliberalism
Phoresy
Virgin Field epidemic
Structural violence
Autochthonous
Viral chatter
Factors in Disease Re/Emergence
MS. BED
Microbial adaptation and change
Social/economic/technological change
Breakdown in public health measures
Ecological/Environmental change
Demographic change
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