lec 4 notes

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Health Studies
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Lecture 4 Employment Unemployment and Health notesUnemployment and Health Pathways CausationUnemploymentpoor healthDirect selectionpoor health unemploymentIndirect selection Factor poor health X unemployment Mechanisms by Which Unemployment Leads to Poor Health Bartley et al 2000Povertylevels of benefitslink to financial problems effects are immediate adaptation made by lowering expectations and increased alienation and cynicismUnemployment as stressful eventloss of esteem self and by othersloss of daily structure and routineeffects similar in UK and Scandinavian nationsassociated with presence of chronic anxietya Unemployment as a stimulus to unhealthy behavioursb HealthRelated Behavioursc Important in context of longer term developmentis associated with previous behaviours prior to unemployment but also stimulated by loss of employment smokelow weightproblem drinking suicide rate related to adverse life events associated with unemployment such as loss of home and marriage breakdownThe Pathways to IllnessDisease For Those Not Working Lack of economic resourcesLack of supportPsychological deprivationPsychosocial stress
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