IDSB04 FINAL Review:
What is health?
Health is a state of compete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of
disease or infirmity.
What affects health?
The adequate housing, Access to clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad of social
polices and protections, safe working condition and living wages.
Health and Health care:
The public health care is a concept constituted in the early 19th century and aims to improve health
with the organized effort by the government from the community effort, “collective health” was
adapted in brazil and somewhere else in the latin America which emphasize the role and agency of
ordinary people and social movements in shaping the outcome of health. Movement includes
public health, social medicine, population health, collective health.
International Health in historical perspective:
300 year long waves of Eurasian Plague, Imperialism(expedition exchange disease) and the slave
trade and their health consequencesRise of industrial Revolution of the 19th century and the
How can one conceptualize international healthWhat is international health?
1. Humanitarian/human right 2.Global public good. 3. Security 4. Protect and preserve market
5. International agreement 6. Disease control 7. business interest 8 economic development
9 Foreign policy 10. social justice.
Formed in the 20th century powerful countries recognize the value of intergovernmental
cooperation and established permanent bodies to address health issues that crossed national
borders. the formation of WHO was had been consolidate during the cold war.
Rockefeller Foundation’s International health legacy.
Financially supported education in the United States "without distinction of race, sex or creed
Established the first schools of public health
Developed the vaccine to prevent yellow fever
Funded the original development of the social sciences
Supported the establishment of a large range of American and international cultural institutions;
Funded agricultural development to expand food supplies around the world “Green Revolution”
Some principal historical international health imperatives.
Chairty, missionary work, War relief, diplomacy, Philanthropy, economic
development, Paternalism/Colonialism, sharing of expertise, transnational training and data
collection for disease.
Calls for reform and revolution: Chadwick, Engels, Virchow
Chadwick: Lawyer and civic servant of the poor law commission calls updating the welfare policy
dating from the Elizabeth time. Attention on the sanitary reform, clean water, sewage and public
Engels: Son of wealthy German manufacturer works for textile factories. Examine the living and