psyb20 test bank 8.pdf

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Media Studies
Diane Mangalindan

ch8Student 1What refers to mental activity and behaviour through which knowledge of the world is attained and processedAeducationBcognitionClearningDretention2The mental activity of cognition would include all of the following EXCEPTAlearningBmemoryCperceptionDneural transmission3Which method did Jean Piaget use to gather data for his theory of cognitive developmentAsurveyBstructured interviewCunstructured interviewDstructured questionnaire4Early in his career Piaget became interested in how children arrived at incorrect answers During this time he was working in the Paris laboratory ofATermanBStanfordCBinetDWechsler5Jean Piagets influence on developmental psychology in America did not really begin until the earlyA1930sB1980sC1950sD1960s6If Piaget were to study infant memory which of the following research methods would he be most likely to useAtracking eye movements as infants inspect new and old stimuliBmeasures of habituation and dishabituation to new and old stimuliCsystematic observations of infants behaviour when playing with new and old stimuliDrecording the frequency and vigor of reaching behaviour when presented with new and old stimuli7The goal of Piagets theory of cognitive development is to explainAhow children adapt to and interpret objects and events in the worldBthe role of cognitive operations used to learn about objects and events in the worldCthe influence of cultural influences on a childs cognitive developmentDchildrens levels of cognitive competence as related to brain development8Someone who examines how children think and how their cognition changes in stages as they move from preschool to adolescence is using which approachAbehaviouristBPiagetianCpsychometricDinformationprocessing9The Piagetian approach focuses onAqualitative changes in cognitionBquantitative differences in intelligenceCestablishing norms for intelligence testsDthe relationship of brain development to sensorimotor function10Which of the following statements is true according to Piagets theory of cognitive developmentAChildren are passive in the process of organizing knowledgeBChildren play an active role in organizing knowledgeCChildren are unable to benefit from environmental experiencesDChildren wait for events which will modify their knowledge11According to Piagets theory of cognitive development a cognitive structure that forms a basis for organizing behaviour is anAcognitive mapBschemaCoperationDexpectation12Which of the following statements is trueASchemata do not differ among childrenBSchemata are physical entities in the brainCSchemata change as children developDSchemata exclude motor function13During early infancy schemata take the form ofAsymbol systemsBmental imagesCfantasiesDinnate reflexes14What happens when the physically based schemata of younger children become internalized and form part of an organized structureAadaptation occursBequilibration developsClanguage development is completeDoperations are formed15Schemata based on internal mental activities areAstagesBassimilationsCthought structuresDoperations16According to Piaget what is the predisposition to combine simple physical or psychological structures into more complex systemsAorganizationBassimilationCadaptationDaccommodation17According to Piaget an infants ability to see a bottle full of milk grasp it and then place it in hisher mouth to drink it all are important principles ofAadaptationBorganizationCreaction patternsDdevelopment18The two processes of adaptation areAassimilation and organizationBorganization and adaptationCassimilation and conservationDassimilation and accommodation19Assimilation is to accommodation asAgenetic is to environmentalBadjusting is to incorporatingCcognitive is to socialDincorporating is to adjusting20When new information is molded to fit a current cognitive structure the child isAassimilatingBaccommodatingCorganizingDconserving21Elizabeth a 7monthold infant responds to holding her first orange by rolling it around on the floor just like she does with her blue rubber ball This demonstrates what Piagetian processAorganizationBequilibrationCassimilationDaccommodation22Jesse recently learned the word cookie to identify his recognition of vanilla wafers However he also says cookie when given pretzels crackers small pieces of bread and even large french fries According to Piaget Jesse isAaccommodatingBassimilatingCorganizingDoperating23When the child adjusts his schemata to fit a new experience the child isAassimilatingBaccommodatingCorganizingDconserving24Fouryearold Tom learns to lift his stuffed cat up by the tail After one painful attempt Tom realizes that you cannot use this behaviour on a live cat In Piagetian terms Toms new knowledge involvesAaccommodationBorganizationCassimilationDequilibration25Twelveyearold Jill traveled with her parents to a developing country to volunteer at a mission When she returned to her home in the Canada she had altered many of her ideas about what she valued What Piagetian process was at workAassimilationBaccommodationCinternalizationDequilibration
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