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NROC64H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 76 pages long!)


Department
Neuroscience
Course Code
NROC64H3
Professor
Matthias Niemeier
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
NROC64H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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NROC64
sensory and motor systems
o sensorymotor systems
Introduction to sensory and motor systems
contemporary knowledge of the brain resembles early european knowledge of africa
o sensory and motor coastlines
sensory transduction and the sensory physiology for each of the sensory
systems
models of sensory processing
spinal and central mechanisms of motor control
sensory and motor systems sensorimotor systems
singular approach compared to traditionally dual approach
sensorimotor integration
o expeditiions into the uncharted brain
complexity
e.g. 60,000 oculomotor neurons
one output path of 100 billion neurons
simple minds
o having a simple brain
o studying simple brains
o studying subsystems of complex brains
studying sensorimotor systems
o the brain is made for sensorimotor transformations
o "the great end of life is not knowledge but action" - T.H. Huxley (1825-1895)
everything serves sensorimotor transformations
o autonomic circuits
o memory
o cognition
o consciousness
conscious androids?
The chemical senses
gustation
o taste
olfaction
o smell
what is flavor?
Introducing chemical senses
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animals depend on the chemical senses to identify nourishment
chemical sensation
o oldest and most common sensory system
chemical senses
o gustation
o olfaction
o chemoreceptors throughout the body
skin
digestive system
neck arteries
hormones
muscles
etc
Taste
the basic tastes
o saltiness
o sourness
o sweetness
o bitterness
o umami / savoury
examples of correspondence between chemistry
o sweet
sugars like
fructose
sucrose
artificial sweeteners
o saccharin
o aspartame
o bitter
ions like
K+
Mg2+
Quinine
Caffeine
advantage of taste
o survival
poisonous substances
often bitter
set of receptors for mainly poisonous substances lumped together and
perceived as bitter
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