POLB50Y3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Population Ageing, Section 33 Of The Canadian Charter Of Rights And Freedoms, Canadian Confederation

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A federal state in which power is divided between one or more levels of government such that neither is subordinate to the other in its own sphere. This is what the fathers of confederation wanted. Division of taxing and expenditure functions between the two primary levels of government in canada the federal government and the provincial governments. Provinces and federal government have control over certain areas but the provinces have less taxing/revenue power and more expenses thus creating an imbalance on fiscal powers. It was split up so that the provinces got taxation, hospitals, municipalities, local works, civil rights, etc. The federal government got taxation, trade, postal, military, declaratory, and residual powers. The federal government was given power to things that were deemed important in the 1800s. They were given the powers of disallowance, meaning they could intervene and stop legislation. It was not a purely federal system, but there were still aspects of federalism.

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