POLB80 Midterm review
Evolution of Sovereignty- sovereignty is the underlying principle of the
state system. Having authority to make rules over a defined territory.
Never used to be like this, used to have a region that would have
overlapping authority called Crazy Quilt.
Cold War legacy- US and soviet Union never actually fought. The idea
that world could end at any moment made world stable. They deterred
each other by threatening each other. Fall of berlin wall was key
moment in the ending of Cold war.
History of World Politics-
Marxism – the view that the most fundamental feature of society is the
organization of material forces. Material forces include natural
resources, geography, military power, and technology. This leads to
forms of technological determinism or the distribution of military power
for understanding the states foreign policy and patters of International
Constructivism- an approach to international politics that concerns itself
with the centrality of ideas and human consciousness and stresses a
holistic and idealistic view of structures.
Realism – “ Not realistic” . analyzes all international relations as the
relation of states engaged in pursuit of power. Cannot accommodate
non state actors within its analysis.
Liberalism – Happier world. 4 claims- 1) all citizens are juridical equal
and have equal rights to 2)legislative assembly of the state possesses
only the authority invested in it by the people, who’s basic rights cant be
abused 3) right to own property including productive forces 4) contends
that the most effective system of economic exchange is one that is
largely market driven .
Anarchy – system of racial segregation introduced in South Africa in
1948, designed to ensure white minority domination.
NGO- Non Governmental Organization – any group of people relating to each other regularly in some formal manner and engaging in collective
action, providing that there activities are non commercial or part of a
Sovereignty- the principle that within its territorial boundaries the state