POLB81 - Summary on International Organization, International Law and the Environment

2 Pages
79 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLB81H3
Professor
Wiafe- Amaoko
Semester
Winter

Description
Summary- International Law • International Law is a law that governs the relations between states. • Only states are subjects of international law and can bring a claim to ICJ; certain international organizations have acquired international legal personalities making them subjects of international law. • Sources of International Law include International conventions (Treaties); International custom; General principles of Law; and Legal Scholarships. • Jus cogens: are principles or norms of international law that is based on values taken to be fundamental to the international community that cannot be disregarded. Or a fundamental principle accepted as a universal norm. • Enforcement of international law depends on the power and willingness of states to punish those that violate the laws; Reciprocity principle is also critical in enforcing international law. • The International Court of Justice is the primary judiciary organ of the United Nations. • It addresses only legal disputes submitted to it by states; i.e. only states can sue and be sued at the ICJ. (Contentious Cases) • Also gives advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by other UN organs and authorized agencies (Advisory proceedings) • International Law includes the Law of Sovereignty (Law of diplomacy); Just War doctrine (Geneva Conventions, POWs); Law of the Sea (Internal, Territorial, Exclusive Economic Zones- EEZ, and the High Seas). Summary- Environment • Environmental issues are embodied in the debate between individual and collective interest. • The conceptual explanation of how the environment is threatened is embodied in the “Tragedy of the Commons”. Failure to manage the commons brings ruin to all. • Malthus and Hardin warned about the potential dangers of growth to the environment. • Externality: occurs when a decision imposes costs or provides benefits to individuals other than the person making the decision; it can also refer to unintended consequences of an activity. Eg Driving a car  pollution • International Treaties on the management of the environment include the Montreal Protocol (regarding Ozone depletion); Kyoto protocol (Global warming and control of greenhouse gases
More Less

Related notes for POLB81H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit