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Political Science
R Rice

POCL99 exam: Lecture 1: Who are the dispossessed? 1) What is the concept of dispossession mean? Give an example. Dispossession- Referred to the sense of injustice having import taken away land, good natural resources and opportunity rights. Edward Said (1994) the politics of disposed the struggle for Palestinian self- determination David Harveu accumulation by dispossession neo-liberal politics in African America, disparity in wealth, rights taken away Communal land was taken away by privatization, workers = dispossessed from the right to unionize, from their livelihood Argentina, Bolivia, Equador 2) What are the three strategies for organizing on the part of the dispossessed? Give examples. 1) Civil society coupelectoral politics, the parliamentary road to social and political reform: involves the toppling of democratically elected leaders by way of social movements. It is about working within the system. This is a form of change to deal with dispossession. Electoral politics play the primary role in direct action change where parliamentary involvement leads to political reform. Latin Americas Left Turn is a great example of this. e.g. Ecuador- indigenious Pachatakike party Bolivia- indigenous worker MAS Brazil- social movement workers party (PT) 2) Direct Action: Revolutionary road to social change(working from outside the system). One prominent example of this are protests against current regimes to advocate regime change such as Mexicos Zapatista. Brazils peasant based rural landless movement and Argentinas unemployed workers movement. 3) Local developments: Capturing & transforming local level power by working municipalities & communities to bring about change. Running for office mayor, working at the local level, working with NGOs. Brazil (PT) Uruguay (FA-Broad front) -participatory budgeting -community based health programs. They are getting the community involved often led by parties. www.notesolution.comLecture 2: Latin America in Historical and Political Perspectives 1) What are the three main legacies of colonial society that continue to undermine social justice in the region today? People, institutions and landlabour Colonial society-Prior to Spanish conquest, 30-70 million native people displaced by way of Spanish tactics which was to get to the top of the power structure. Since these native peoples were spread out so thinly and not united against the Spanish conquests; the Spanish used their advanced military armaments. Colonial society made up of majority indengious peoples as well as Europeans and African European. The European population made up 2% of the colonial society but were the elite of the society. The hierarchy of colonial society was completely unbalanced and repressive. Colonial insititutions-Characteristic included that they were feudal and medieval in nature. As well as being rigid authoritarian and tied to the Catholic Church. Hierarchy of institutions was based on KingQueen->vice roy (leading all the provinces) ->captaingeneral->large landowners->and the Catholic Church. Colonial land & labour-Haciendalantifandias which are large landed estates awarded to European colonists. Hacienda or patron which is like a boss-man who dispenses favours. Client-patron relationship. Enocomienda system is the right to use native people and their land in exchange for instructing them in Spanish language & Catholic Church. Microfundios is a small farm of less than 2 hectares where free-hold indigenoius communities lived. Repartimiento system: the practice of requiring free-hold indigenous people to set aside a specified number of months for free labour for the state or private sector. 2) What are the social questions and how is it addressed by the Latin America? Social Question: The debate over the appropriate role of the urban working classes within the economic and political system in the early 20 century in Latin America. State Corporatism: A system of interest group representation whereby the marginalized classes are allowed to gain access to the state by way of peak trade union and later peasant associations. 1960s was a period of peasant incorporation by way of agrarian reform. Up until 1960s, peasants were not incorporated. You are allowed to talk to people through these channels to the officials. Labor was incorporated into the system. Peru: June 24 day of the Indian also known as the day of the Indian
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