Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
UTSC (10,000)
Psychology (2,000)
PSYA01H3 (200)
Study Guide

[PSYA01H3] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (108 pages long)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 108 pages of the document.
UTSC
PSYA01H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PSYA01 Lecture 2 Notes
- Humans thought of beings in material world thought of self as spirits
- No soul in psychology
- Pursuing something scientifically means that the behaviour of it must conform to
natural laws oept of soul i psyhology is disregarded / aot e tested (it’s
spiritual)
- Humans believed that creation, earth was made for humans
- Psyhology a’t use religio / religio has o ouds
- Science is based on predictions, predication is based on constraints
- Are humans just very complex machines?
- Animism: giving something a soul and had a desire and soul
- Humans believed that all things were made up of the 4 elements
- Eg. Believed that if weather systems did something, people would believe that certain
entity had been upset sacrifice
- Rene Descartes (philosopher + mathematician) had psychological issues, 4 mental
breakdowns
Rene thought statue of Neptune was moving believed that if something moved must
have a soul
At the time they were focusing on hydraulics rene thought hydraulics are what
made animals move Rene thought animals were just very complex machines and did
surgical procedures on alive animals procedures on living animals
at time of Rene Descartes, Church was very strong in power did not say outloud
- Descartes believed in idea of Cartesian Dualism: are machines with souls
Biological machine part + soul part eg. Soul is what moves the machinery
- John Locke: believed that mind is a result of machinery, believed humans were born as a
blank slate and that experiences would shape us, was a father on genetics vs
environment
Materialism: we are complex machines that are a result of physical and natural laws
Empiricism:
- Scientific method is for direct empirical testing direct testing psychology is a
science
- Electricity to move limbs
- Florens: alatio studies, heat/eletrode i aial’s rai, destroy part of their rais
and saw specific deficits in animal behaviour brain was compartmentalized
- Muller: cut open bodies, saw wires that they thought as neurons
- Paul Broca: doctor, waited until people died (who had speech problems) and did surgery
on their brain people could understand speech, but could not articulate proper
speech and grammar everyone had daage to sae area of rai “roa’s area”
- Human behaviour seems to be partly physically machined follow natural laws
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Psychology Lecture 2 Notes
Why did it take us so long to scientifically study ourselves?
For a lot of the sciences we can trace them back centuries (physics, bio etc) but psychology has
only been just over 100 years
Psych is very young
When people talk about a soul, we imply humans have within them something that is not physical
(spiritual)
o To a scientist if something is completely physical then we can figure out those natural laws
(why do things fall the way they do?)
o Souls that are non physical and do not follow scientific rules then science become irrelevant
o Siee does’t sa that spiritualit at happe, ut it sas that if the ehaiour of
something does not just reflect physical laws then it is not open to scientific investigation
o If the thing a just do hateer it ats iraulousl, siee does’t predit/stud
miracles (miracles mean something that goes beyond all of our physical notions of the
world)
o Therefore souls become a problem to a scientific study
o "we are spirits in a material world" lyrics (taken from ancient writing) that reflect humanity's
reflection of themselves
We live in a physical world created by God, so are we but we are special (created not
but in olden days ppl assumed that they were in God's image) and somehow more or
different than everything else in the world (spirits in material world)
Concept held for many years and thus humans never studied themselves scientifically
bc they were "spirits"
Animism is the idea of attributing a soul to an inanimate object
o Olden days ppl believed all things were made of one of the four elements (water, air, fire,
earth)
Maybe some mix but predominantly one
Ex. If keys are dropped to the ground, they are hitting the ground because the earth
likes to be with the earth, the same way as when you smoke you breath out, the air
goes up because it likes to go with air
That notion that these keys have an intent, have goals, preferences and desires, that
they like to hang with their brethren that we call animism (attributing a soul to
something that does not have a soul)
o Ex. When hurricanes hit america, ppl say it was bc the americans have been bad and that
hurricane is the force of revenge there to punish them
To solve such problems, you should find a volcano and toss a virgin woman in it.
o This mentality was common before
Intelligence is a lot like magic
o Ex. When you see a magician and they start levitating and you have no idea how its
happening you feel magic (something special, something amazing) but as soon as someone
explains how the trick is done, the magic goes away. You still may be impressed but no
longer feel that it is impossible.
According to psych, once you understand phenomenon well that spiritual, that
magical, that nonphysical sense can disappear
On jeapordy, ppl take on watson computer but computer kicking ass, but this is not magical it is
programming
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version