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PSYA01: Final Review Questions (With Answers)

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Steve Joordens
Study Guide

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Helen L
Practice Exam Questions
1. The observation that certain concepts (mental rep) make better category members
than others is known as: graded membership
2. A person is gambling at a casino and against all odds, manages to win a large sum
of money at a roulette table. He soon begins to feel an overwhelming sensation of
pleasure, lightness, and europium almost as if he had taken a mind-altering drug.
Which family of chemical hormone would be casing these subjective
experiences? Endorphins
3. According to lecture, a psychologist would describe memory as: The cognitive
mechanism involved anytime something in the past affects your present thoughts
or behaviors
4. A young man suffers a traumatic blow to the front and top of the head. In the
clinic, they document the number of observed behaviors: he cannot easily shift
between tasks and perseverates on things, he has a disheveled and unkempt
appearance, he has a tendency to be flat and boring and he seems to lack any sort
of emotional connection to others. From these signs, which lobe is likely
damaged? Front lobe
5. After publication of results, how long should experiment data be stored for (to
accommodate external reanalysis) 3-5 years
6. Problem A which is more with logical thinking and problem B which is more
practical, why do humans find Problem A more difficult? Problem A is more
7. Which definition of consciousness, could you argue, is the kind that most, (but
certainly not all) animals are thought likely NOT to have? This question is
unrelated to the question of whether animals are sentient, that is, able to perceive
feelings such as pain: Consciousness as in an awareness of being aware, or as in
having a sense of “self”
8. When Joordens creates a mental rule as all shapes have only three sides and only
three angles are called triangles, this is called: classical categorization
9. Jenny, age 3, heard her mother refer to her stuffed animal as bear only once, but
then was then able to associate the word bear with that toy. This is an example of:
fast mapping
10. The area of the brain most associated with finding the meaning of words is known
as: Wernickes area
11. Octopus A can learn from practice to unscrew a jar. Octopus B can perform the
same task after watching Octopus A do it how many times? Once
12. Skills that we have, such as how to play basketball or the piano are part of what
memory? Procedural
13. In psychology, a prototype is defined as: A mental representation of an average
category member
14. Belief perseverance is similar to confirmation bias, except it refers to accepting
only confirmatory evidence
15. The part of the neuron that resembles tree-like structures and is responsible for
receiving information from neighboring neurons is referred to as: dendrites
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