anal stage). Then with touching clitoris/penis it feels good (phallic stage), genital phase
when kid realizes they can get gratification through genitals.
What happens in childhood at beginning (psychosexual development) is very important
and shapes our lives, it can’t be changed.
Anal personality is not the same as being an asshole as a person.
Anal to worried about things because of the early childhood experiences having to do
with toilet training.
Narcissistwill get involved with people who will love them care for them and give
them the emotion that they need.
Maslow argues our needs are organized in hierachy.
Psychology-March 7,2011-Lec 18-Chapter 15
Video on Bystander Apathy
Had a person pretend to steal a ladies purse to see if anyone helps but nobody does. Most
people just look around but nobody actually attempts to help.
Another thing is done where a guy pretends to have a heart attack to see if anyone helps
him, but only one guy stops to help him, by checking his pulse.
We also saw that there was a murder case where a women was stabbed numerous
amounts of time but nobody stopped it. It was outside a building and people clearly saw it
because there were lights turned on and windows closed but nobody even attempted to
call the police at least.
Look at slide 21the steps to helping. Sometimes people don’t make it to the step of
helping because they assume someone else will help and in the end, for the most part,
Diffusion of responsibility- if you have a lot of people in a situation people will say “why
me? Other people will help”
Pluralistic Ignorance-A lot of people trying to get information about what to do, but
nobody knows what to do.
Ex. Guy in video who makes the excuse that he doesn’t help the guy pretending to have a
heart attack because he was moving, he just didn’t want to help.
Some people wont help because nobody else is helping.
People are influences by others, they look around nobody is helping so they don’t help.
Costing- Ex. If you were watching a show and heard someone screaming outside you
don’t help them because you don’t want to miss your show. That is how cost works.
Changing topic now to self
The self is the way we perceive ourselves and by others.
What role does memory play in providing the “glue” for the self?
Many aspects of our personality, such as our self-esteem, and sense of efficacy and
control are based in our self-concept.
Video-The Self Without Memory
Guy who gets into accident and losses his memory and somewhat of his personality.