Chapter 6 Study Questions

221 views32 pages
Published on 6 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Social Psychology, 4Ce (Aronson/Wilson/Akert/Fehr)
Chapter 6 Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts, Feelings, and Behaviour
Ch.6-1The introduction to Chapter 6 describes the strange logic manifested by members of the Solar Temple
Cult, who thought the world was about to be destroyed by fire and that the only salvation was to take a
"death voyage" by ritualized suicide to the star Sirius where they would be reborn. In total, 74 people
died in these cult suicides. This chapter introduction was written to demonstrate that
A)people will often go to extreme lengths to justify their actions or beliefs.
B)scientists, like many of us, are fascinated with the macabre, gruesome aspects of life.
C)cult members are often brainwashed so that they behave irrationally.
D)cult members usually have very weak sense of self.
E)pleasant, smart, reasonable people are seldom drawn to cults.
Answer: A
Type: MC Page Ref: 153-154
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-2Most social psychologists concur that attitudes consist of
A)behavioural intentions.
B)cognitions.
C)enduring evaluations.
D)emotions.
E) feelings.
Answer: C
Type: MC Page Ref: 154
Skill: Factual
Ch.6-3Attitudes are viewed by social psychologists as evaluative, in that they
A)are based on personal feelings and values.
B)are based mostly on environmental data.
C)consist of positive or negative reactions to something.
D)are based on objective facts.
E) reflect fleeting feelings.
Answer: C
Type: MC Page Ref: 154-155
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-4The _______ component of attitudes is to emotional reactions as the _______ component is to
knowledge and beliefs.
A)evaluative.....behavioural
B)affective.....behavioural
C)cognitive....behavioural
D)affective.....cognitive
E)evaluative.....cognitive
Answer: D
Type: MC Page Ref: 154-155
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-5_______ attitudes are based primarily on people's beliefs about properties of attitude objects.
A)Cognitively based
B)Emotionally based
C)Evaluatively based
D)Affectively based
E) Intention-based
Answer: A
Type: MC Page Ref: 156
Skill: Factual
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Ch.6-6The function of cognitively based attitudes is
A)evaluation.
B)decision-making.
C)object appraisal.
D) the use of logic.
E)emotion-focused.
Answer: C
Type: MC Page Ref: 156
Skill: Factual
Ch.6-7Kenneth believes that Funny-O's cereal is good because it has no sugar, it contains all of the
recommended vitamins and minerals, and it has no artificial flavors. Kenneth's attitude toward Funny-
O's is a(n)
A)affectively based attitude.
B)cognitively based attitude.
C)emotionally based attitude.
D)undifferentiated attitude.
E)behaviourally based attitude.
Answer: B
Type: MC Page Ref: 156
Skill: Applied
Ch.6-8At the new-car dealership, Josh asks the saleswoman a number of questions: "How good is the gas
mileage on this model? What does Consumer Reports say about this make and model? Does this car
hold its resale value?" The _______ component of Josh's attitude toward the car was most likely to
inform his questions.
A)dissonant
B)affective
C)cognitive
D)behavioural
E)emotional
Answer: C
Type: MC Page Ref: 156
Skill: Applied
Ch.6-9Consider the lyrics to Smokey Robinson's "You've Really Got a Hold on Me": "I don't like you, but I
love you. Seems that I'm always thinking of you. You treat me badly, I love you madly. You've really
got a hold on me." The sentiments reflected in these lyrics best capture the _______ component of the
singer's attitude.
A)dissonant
B)behavioural
C)ambivalent
D)affective
E)cognitive
Answer: D
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Applied
Ch.6-10 It is estimated that one-third of the electorate knows almost nothing about specific politicians.
Nonetheless, these people hold very strong opinions about them. This pattern of findings suggests that
people's attitudes toward politicians may be largely
A)affectively based.
B)behaviourally based
C)cognitively based.
D)ambivalent.
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E)undifferentiated.
Answer: A
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-11 Andr is not at all familiar with a particular candidate's stand on the issues or with his proposed policies,
but Andr likes "his" candidate and plans to vote for him anyway. This example illustrates that people's
attitudes toward politicians are often
A)cognitively based.
B)behaviourally based
C)affectively based.
D)based on a logical examination of qualifications for office.
E)classically conditioned.
Answer: C
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Applied
Ch.6-12 Miguel recaptures the freedom of his youth when he test-drives the new Volkswagen "bug." He feels 25
years younger, and remembers cruising the beaches of California in his old 1970 bug when he was in
college. He decides to purchase that new VW model. Miguel's positive attitude toward the car is
primarily driven by
A)an affective component.
B)a behaviourally component.
C)operant conditioning.
D)a cognitive component.
E)classical conditioning.
Answer: A
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Applied
Ch.6-13 In all likelihood, attitudes toward _______ are affectively based, and stem from _______.
A) instant coffee.....instrumental conditioning
B) the death penalty.....people's values
C)abortion.....a logical examination of the facts
D) toilet paper....a logical examination of the facts
E)cleaning products.....people's values
Answer: B
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-14 Why are affectively based attitudes so resistant to logical persuasive attempts to change them?
Affectively based attitudes are
A) rooted in counterfactual thinking.
B)acquired by automatic processes.
C) the result of the same illogical source.
D)often linked to values, which are difficult to change.
E)governed by knowledge of the issues.
Answer: D
Type: MC Page Ref: 155
Skill: Conceptual
Ch.6-15 Although affectively based attitudes can be derived from a number of different sources, they are alike in
that they tend to be
A)based on rational arguments.
B)based on rational examination of relevant information.
C) linked to deeply held values.
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