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Quiz

test bank ch13.pdf


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Chandan Narayan
Study Guide
Quiz

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 33 pages of the document.
ch13
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The process by which children learn the values, motives, and behaviours viewed as appropriate to their
gender in a specific culture is
A. gender identification.
B. gender reversal.
C. gender typing.
D. sexual appropriation.
2. Which one of the following factors does NOT interact to shape the development of gender roles and
gender differences in behaviour?
A. biological
B. cognitive
C. religious
D. social
3. Gender refers to
A. a set of expectations about how a person should act as a male or female.
B. the biological dimension of being male or female.
C. the social and psychological dimensions of being male or female.
D. any of these
4. __________ refers to biological femaleness or maleness.
A. Phenotype
B. Sex
C. Gender
D. Androgyny
5. Gender role standards have been shown to shape behavioural differences in boys and girls beginning
in
A. infancy.
B. preschool.
C. elementary school.
D. middle school.
6. Lucy and Ricky brought their newborn boy home from the hospital in a blue outfit, wrapped in a football
print blanket. The nursery is decorated with baseball and football mobiles. Without even realizing it,
Lucy and Ricky are
A. creating a gender free environment.
B. gender typing the baby.
C. encouraging androgyny.
D. displaying concern about their child's masculinity.
7. Marianna always dresses her baby Shawna in beautiful pink dresses from the best baby shops in town.
Further, she has stuffed Shawna's room with every doll and Barbie imaginable. Marianna is
A. spoiling her daughter.
B. encouraging androgyny.
C. creating a gender free environment.
D. gender role typing her child.

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8. Beliefs held by members of a culture about the behaviours and attitudes appropriate for males and
females are
A. social doctrine.
B. gender roles.
C. gender stereotypes.
D. customary taboos.
9. Which represents a gender stereotype?
A. Most math majors at Mount St. Vincent University are female.
B. Women tend to be slightly shorter than men.
C. Males are more achievement oriented than females.
D. On average in North America, male workers earn more than female workers.
10. Composites of the distinctive behaviours typically exhibited by males or females in a culture are
A. gender assignments.
B. gender phenotypes.
C. gender roles.
D. gender variables.
11. Four-year-old Saul tells his mother "You can't mow the lawn because you're a girl." Saul is displaying
a
A. gender belief.
B. gender bias.
C. chauvinist belief.
D. gender stereotype.
12. Peter likes to play with trucks while his sister would rather play with her tea set. Their behaviour is an
example of
A. gender constancy.
B. gender role preferences.
C. cross-sexed typing.
D. gender relations.
13. Which role is stereotypically oriented toward controlling and manipulating the environment?
A. male role
B. female role
C. adult role
D. domineering role
14. Which role is stereotypically passive, loving, and supporting in social relationship?
A. male role
B. female role
C. father role
D. mother role
15. Behaviours typically exhibited by males or females in a culture are
A. gender assignments.
B. gender phenotypes.
C. gender roles.
D. gender stereotypes.
16. The expression of warmth and the suppression of overt aggression and sexuality are regarded as more
appropriate for __________ than for __________.
A. men; women
B. women; men
C. children; adolescents
D. teachers; pupils

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17. Cross-cultural studies suggest that
A. Western cultures have more gender stereotypes than Eastern cultures.
B. more industrialized cultures have fewer gender stereotypes than developing cultures.
C. the concept of gender stereotypes is mainly an Anglo-Saxon phenomenon.
D. similar patterns of gender stereotypes exist across most cultures.
18. Which ethnic group within the United States adheres to a clearly differentiated gender role socialization
process for its children?
A. White American families
B. African American families
C. Mexican American families
D. Native American families
19. Who is most likely to perceive the feminine role as involving greater independence and achievement
striving?
A. young, educated men
B. single earner fathers
C. children whose mothers are not employed outside the home
D. female students and university educated women between the ages of 18 and 35
20. Jack and Annie's mother and father are both university professors. Which view on housekeeping and
childcare tasks would these two children most likely hold?
A. A woman's place is in the home.
B. Mothers should take care of children and fathers should earn the money.
C. Both mothers and fathers can take care of children.
D. Housekeeping is a woman's job.
21. Anne and Frances both have moms that remain in the home to care for the children and keep house. Their
dads work for the city in labourer positions. Which view on housekeeping and childcare tasks would
these two children least likely hold?
A. A woman's place is in the home.
B. Mothers should take care of children and fathers should earn the money.
C. Both mothers and fathers can take care of children.
D. Housekeeping is a woman's job.
22. Who is most likely to respond negatively to feminine behaviours in boys?
A. mothers
B. fathers
C. teachers
D. siblings
23. Currently, when viewing aggression and interpersonal sensitivity, most North Americans adhere to
A.
stereotypical views (i.e., males are seen as aggressive and females are seen as displaying more
interpersonal sensitivity).
B. nonstereotypical views and are willing to acknowledge that both are independent of gender.
C.
nonstereotypical views and report that females are now more aggressive and males are more
interpersonally sensitive.
D.
more extreme stereotypical views than have been previously seen in our culture as a result of
newfound family values.
24. Joanne is the only girl in her group of friends that has a university education. She perceives the feminine
roles as involving,
A. dependent conditions and a lack of achievement goals.
B. independence and a lack of achievement goals.
C. independence and a desire for achievement.
D. dependence and a desire for achievement.
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