[PSYC14H3] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (30 pages long!)

543 views30 pages
Published on 7 Feb 2017
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC14H3
Professor
UTSC
PSYC14H3
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
What do we mean by Culture?
Shared values
o Traditions
o Food
Beliefs
Norms
Rituals
Comfort
Familiarity
Arts
Music
Fashion
Closeness
Language
Lifestyle
Social Habits
Expressivity
Religion
Geographic Space
Heritage
History
Morality
Sports
Individualism / Collectivism
Communication is culture. Other species don't share this because we can communicate in
different ways with a lot of things and other species can't
Magic number 150 refers to the amount of people you can keep a stable social relationship with: the
individual knows each person and they know how they know this person
Here are a few of many definitions
Behaviours are innate and are passed from one person to another
Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes,
meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe,
and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations
through individual and group striving.
Culture in its broadest sense is cultivated behaviour; that is the totality of a person's learned,
accumulated experience which is socially transmitted.
A culture is a way of life of a group of people--the behaviours, beliefs, values, and symbols that
they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication
and imitation from one generation to the next.
Culture is symbolic communication. Some of its symbols include a group's skills, knowledge,
attitudes, values, and motives. The meanings of the symbols are learned and deliberately
perpetuated in a society through its institutions.
Culture is the sum of the learned behaviour of a group of people that are generally considered to
be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation.
Culture is a collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or
category of people from another.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Commonalities
Humans interact with environments
o Eoultural opoets: ulture is oth ostraied ad shaped y a group’s haitat.
o Culture is adaptive to the environment
o People develop language, writing, tools, skills, abstract ideas, moral & aesthetic standards,
social patterns, norms... in adapting to their ecosystem
That's how its transmitted
When the environment changes, there's a shift in culture and need to adapt to the
environment
Culture consists of shared elements
o Shared practices and shared meanings
In specifying the limits of culture, people have looked to these shared elements as one
set of defining parameters
Its hard to talk about boundaries
Do people share?
A language?
A time period?
A geographic region?
A double boundary exists when 2 people don't share a language and can't
communicate with each other and cant share experiments. That's where culture stops
Transmission to Others
o Types of Transmission
Vertical: offspring, from parent to child
Horizontal: can be direct (let me help you study) or social rejections. A multi influence
Oblique: occurs in institutions, media, other adults teaching young people
o Eulturatio: proess of trasittig ultural eleets to others i oe’s ow ouity,
serves as a source of continuity
maintaining culture of origin
o Aulturatio: aother for of trasissio that takes plae fro outside a perso’s ow
cultural group, serves as a source of discontinuity
outside culture, culturation, immigration
o Sometimes experience both simultaneously
Definition of culture - Revisited
1. Culture emerges in adaptive interactions between humans and environments
2. Culture consists of shared elements
3. Culture is transmitted across time
Several challenges in studying culture
Definition of culture varies among researchers
Boundaries of cultures are not clear cut
Cultures change over time
Variability among individuals in same culture
Limited access to a wide range of cultures
Lost in Translation How might one measure concepts & models in a standardized way?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Other species don"t share this because we can communicate in. Individualism / collectivism different ways with a lot of things and other species can"t. Magic number 150 refers to the amount of people you can keep a stable social relationship with: the individual knows each person and they know how they know this person. Behaviours are innate and are passed from one person to another. Culture in its broadest sense is cultivated behaviour; that is the totality of a person"s learned, accumulated experience which is socially transmitted. Some of its symbols include a group"s skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, and motives. The meanings of the symbols are learned and deliberately perpetuated in a society through its institutions. Culture is the sum of the learned behaviour of a group of people that are generally considered to be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.