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test bank ch6.pdf

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Chandan Narayan

ch6Student 1For infants and children emotionsAserve as a means of communicationBare relatively easy to hideCdo not regulate the behaviour of adultsDare a source of frustration and conflict2Currently the best explanation for why different events cause smiling and laughing at different ages is offered byAlearning factor theoryBperceptualrecognition factor theoryCenvironmental factor theoryDgeneticmaturational theory3Theory and research suggest that the process of emotional development is anoneAunpredictableBrandomCorderlyDindividualistic4Interactions with other people are part of which process of developmentAethnicBbiologicalCcognitiveDsocioemotional5Which one of the following is NOT thought to be a function of emotions in infancy and childhoodAEmotions regulate social distanceBEmotional displays are used to regulate conflictCEmotional displays are the first step in language acquisitionDEmotions provide a means of gaining control over the social world6Marcel is outside watching his mother garden in her flowerbed He notices that his mother becomes frightened and gets up brushing herself and swatting at a bee The bee stings her and her arm swells According to the Learning Perspective MarcelAmay learn to fear bees by watching his mothers behaviourBdoes not need to learn to fear bees the fear of bees is innateCwill not fear bees as long as he is not stungDwill not fear bees unless he gardens7An infant whose parents respond positively to their infants smiles will likelyAreduce the amount of negative emotional expressions that their infant displaysBspoil their infantCreinforce more smiling in their infantDnot affect their infants innate tendency to smile8Rachel became afraid of dogs after her neighbors friendly dog ran up to her unexpectedly knocked her over and licked her face Her fear can be explained byAan innate fear of unfamiliar animalsBher knowledge that dogs have teeth that can biteCoperant learningDclassical conditioning9The fact that children can become classically conditioned to fearful situations ie medical buildings medical procedures etc would suggest abasis for fear reactionsAbiologicalBconstitutionalClearnedDperceptualcognitive10The functionalist perspective provides criteria when explaining the importance of emotional development Which one of the following is NOT one of their criteriaAEmotions serve to help us achieve our goals and adapt to our environmentBIt emphasizes the role of emotions in establishing and maintaining social relationshipsCThe role that social cues play in regulating our emotional perceptions and expressionsDThe emotions are not impacted by social influences11Mothers recognition of infants emotional behaviour isAinaccurate because infants are unable to produce valid emotional displaysBaccurate because infant displays of emotion are comparable to those of adultsCoften in agreement with objective observers reportsDa result of mothers responding to infant facial expression alone12Which of the following emotional displays appears lastAfearBguiltCshynessDdisgust13Research studies have shownA6monthold infants to be capable of expressing all the emotions they will need as adultsBnewborn infants to be capable of expressing true social smilesCthat infants will produce emotional expression in response to particular external eventsDthat production of emotion in children is random and independent of environmental stimuli14When children learn emotional display rules they are able toAcoordinate emotional displays with emotional feelingsBgeneralize emotional feelings to emotional displaysCdiscriminate among the various emotions and learn appropriate facial displaysDseparate emotional displays from emotional feelings15Which is NOT a sign of early emotional regulationAsuckingBwithdrawing from excessive stimulationCsoothing oneselfDresponding when being talked to16Maria always became very nervous when the neighbours dog came into her yard As a result she decided to look the other way whenever the dog came to her yard Maria did this in order toAavoid stranger anxietyBtest her social referencingCregulate her emotionsDtest her object permanence17Younger children differ from older children in their understanding of guilt in that they the younger children focus onAbiological urgesBthe resulting outcomesCpersonal responsibilityDsituational factors18The earliest phase of smiling in the human infantAis social smilingBis reflex smilingCreflects abdominal pain ie gasDis observed more often in male infants than in female infants19Which of these current views is NOT considered valid as a reason for reflex smilingAinterval physiological states eg gasBfluctuations in excitabilityCfluctuations in arousalDreflection of enjoyment20The connection between the first few weeks of life and a half smile that appears spontaneously can be summed up as which of the followingAThe infants smile is related to inner feelingsBThe infants smile described above does not exist in the first few weeks of lifeCThe infants smile is not a precursor to the social smile that will come laterDNo evidence exists to suggest that the smile is related to inner feelings21The infant who is most likely to display a reflexive smile isAsleepingBbreastfeedingChearing familiar musicDgazing into his mothers eyes22Eduardo who is two weeks old and seems to be asleep smiles when his mother enters the room Eduardo is showingAa social smileBthat he is aware of what is happening in his environmentCadvanced emotional developmentDa reflexive smile23Threemonthold Elizabeth looks up at her mother and smiles Researchers call thisAtrust smilingBsocial smilingCreflexive smilingDattachment smiling24Infants between 3 and 8 weeks of ageAbegin smiling at some internal eventsBbegin smiling at some external events along with internal stimulationCbegin reflex smilingDare probably boys if they are smiling at that age25Fivemonthold Frank smiles whenever he hears his father singing His behaviour provides an example ofAreflexive smilingBsocial smilingCbasic smilingDinternal based smiling26At the toy store you show your 3monthold baby several toy puppets She smiles at the puppets that resembleAanimalsBcartoon charactersChuman facesDdinosaurs
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