Concept Map ch5

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB57H3
Professor
Dwayne Pare
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER5:TheAcquisitionofMemoriesandtheWorking-MemorySystem RoouteIIntoMMeemoryy ▯ Modalmodel—describesinformationprocessingascontainingtwokindsofmemory: short-andlong-term ▯ Separatememorysystems—thefreerecallprocedureprovidesevidencethatshort-and long-termmemoryareseparateprocesses WoorkinggMeemoorry ▯ Functionandsize—individualdifferencesinworking-memorycapacity(WMC)provide insightintothefunctionofworkingmemory(WM);WMcanholdaboutsevenplusor minustwochunks ▯ Activenature—WMisnotsimplyaplaceforstorage;importantprocessingoccursinWM ▯ Model—Baddeley’smulticomponentmodelofWM Helpers includethevisuospatialbufferandarticulatoryrehearsalloop Centralexecutive holdsgeneralresourcesformentalcontrolallowingustofocuson thecurrenttask Neurologicalbasis prefrontalcortex(PFC)isimportantfororganizingmental activities,inhibitingimpulses,andpreventingperseveration—all tasksoverseenbythecentralexecutive IntennttoLLeaarnn ▯ Rehearsal—thinkingaboutinformationcanleadtobettermemoryretention,butonlyif therighttypeofrehearsalisused ▯ Encodingvariables—thewayinformationisencodedcanaffecthowlikelyweareto rememberthatinformationlateron Incidentallearning learningintheabsenceofanintentiontolearnoftendoesnot leadtogoodmemoryperformance Intentionallearning tryingtolearninformationhasmixedresultsonmemory Levelofprocessing shal
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