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Midterm #2 Textbook Definitions/Notes

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Sisi Tran

CHAPTER 5SELFPERSONALITY TwentyStatements Test an exercise used to measure the selfconcept shows whether people describe themselves more individualistically or collectivelyKenyans tend to view themselves in terms of social identity and membership roles whereas Americans describe themselves using personal characteristics and abilitiesIndependent View of Self the self can be thought to derive its identity from inner attributes they are viewed as stable across situations and do not arise from interactions with others ingroupoutgroup y independent individuals experience their identities as separate from their relationships experience is mostly stable and does not change from situation to situationInterdependent View of Self the self can be viewed as a relational entity that is fundamentally connected to and sustained by a number of significant relationships ingroupoutgroup y these individuals identities are importantly connected with others and are not unique they are experienced as somewhat fluid in different situationsIndividualistic these people are more likely to highlight independent aspects of themselves they feel distinct from others and emphasize the importance of being selfsufficientCollectivistic these people are more likely to highlight interdependent aspects of their selfconcepts such as close relationships and group membershipsin reality people cannot be categorized into these discrete groups individual vs collective their experiences tend to follow a continuumEssentialized when a gender is less flexible in ways of being expressed in socially approved ways women behaving like men men behaving like womenSelfConsistency some people behave pretty much the same across all situations whereas others seem to act quite differently depending on whom they are withAmericans seem to behave quite similar regardless of situation while the Japanese express behaviours dependent on the situationCognitive Dissonance the distressing feeling we have when we observe ourselves acting inconsistently without our attitudesDissonance Reduction changing out attitudes so that we no longer appear to be inconsistentAmericans appear to have the need to be consistent with themselves whereas Asians are concerned with being consistent with othersSubjective SelfAwareness when people are concerned with the world outside themselves and are largely unaware of themselves as individuals audience member looking at a stage y generally seen as positive because we are free to leave our personal problems behindObjective SelfAwareness when people consider how they appear to others their concerns are directed specifically at themselves y generally seen as an aversive state because we become very critical of ourselvesFirstPerson Memory recalling an event which contains imagery that you experienced firsthandThirdPerson Memory recalling an event from the audiences perspective of youAsians tend to have a more habitual awareness of an audience member similar to viewing oneself in the mirrorIncremental Theory of Self represents the belief that a persons abilities and traits are malleable and can be improved you can improve your skillsEntity Theory of Self when people view their abilities and traits as largely fixed and resistant to change set level of intelligenceAmericans believe a majority of intelligence is inborn whereas the Japanese stated it is due to ones efforts
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