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Amanda U.

November 20, 2012: Experiential and Interpersonal Therapies 1 The paper:  the purpose of the paper is to demonstrate your knowledge and critical analysis of research  if you need to say that you need part of therapy A and part of Therapy B you need to provide a sound rationale for doing so, this needs to be based on scientific evidence  send her emails regarding the paper till Sunday is ok  go to Nadia’s office hours on Monday Final Exam  30 MC and 10 – 12 short answer and essays History  Humanistic movement was a reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis This was a major movement in psychology Behaviorism was thought to be cold and simplistic In psychoanalysis was too internal, and unconscious People in the humanistic movement had a really bad reaction to  Took a more positive orientation towards human nature They didn’t think that humans were aggressive in their drives but that humans are innately good  Supportive, safe, and respectful relationship People are actually motivated to reach self actualization That you are good, that you’re gonna make it Experiential Therapies – is the same thing as humanistic  Person-centered therapy Carl Rogers A lot of therapies followed afterward Today we’re going to focus on: Emotion-focused therapy Gestalt therapy Existential therapy General concepts  Awareness Where experience enters consciousness Aware and conscious about your own experience Why would awareness play a role in humanistic therapy? Why would it be important? What is this different from? Its different from psychoanalysis It is important that people are aware about the world around them Become more aware of your surroundings  Process Content plus awareness Process is a big term, people in psychoanalysis or DBT don’t say this “take a moment to process this” You come in, you start talking about the things that are important to you – and through talking about it, they actually feel better about things People feel good when they talk about things They actually like this in therapy November 20, 2012: Experiential and Interpersonal Therapies 2  Dialogue Its not a lot of action or homework The therapeutic process is the process – the idea is that as you process through, you’ll be able to come to terms Its not like mindfulness Mindfulness involves being aware of the moment But here the person is becoming aware of what happened before, like recent focus –like the past week or so Fundamental Humanistic Principles Some big key things about Carl Roger:  unconditional positive regard: no matter what a person does you try to think of them in a positive way  the goal to reach your full potential  being genuine  empathy  the therapist comes across authentic and genuine human being that is reacting in response to a person with unconditional positive regard  Experiencing is the basis of thought, feeling, and action  People have agency People aren’t driven by underlying defense mechanisms, or childhood experiences –people have the power to make choices They have the power to do what they want to do  People are pluralities that function best as an integrated whole  Relationships should be authentic and present  Growth and development are lifelong processes Pathology  Inability to integrate certain experiences into self-organization (incongruence)  People in humanistic therapy do not use the DSM – its stereotypical, it labels people  Limited experience: the person kind of avoids, people anger, -- this person was emotionally closed off, wasn’t happy  Full experiencing: November 20, 2012: Experiential and Interpersonal Therapies 3 Limited Full experiencing experiencing Avoids feelings and conflicts; the self) to guide behavior;f feelings; can access varying present experiences trigger parts of the self; uses in-the- past expectancies so that moment experience to richness of present moment inform behavior is lost Person-Centered Therapy  Carl Rogers  Non-directive What would be a non-directive approach in therapy? The therapist isn’t telling the client what to do or what to talk about  In DBT, the therapist directs the discussion, “oh you’re suicidal, we are going to talk about that right now” The therapist does not direct the session – at all Its through reinforcement that the client talks about what they want to talk about  Client: oh I was drunk and didn’t go to any of my class I want to talk about homework and how I can do it better  Therapist: okk good, that you want to do better in Reflection is a very important aspect of therapy No advice giving  Necessary and sufficient conditions Empathy Unconditional positive regard Congruence The therapist and client are moving together Everyone’s goal is self actualization Emotion-Focused Therapy Has the same basic principle as humanistic therapy except that:  Emotions are centrally important in experience Everything that we experience in relationships are … Maladaptive and adaptive functioning Therapeutic relationship  Emotions are innately adaptable thus all people have an adaptive potential  Attachment Theory A lot of its techniques are based on this theory Attachment theory: how a child becomes attached to caregivers in early years How you react with important figures in early life This started as couple’s therapy – based on how they were developing November 20, 2012: Experiential and Interpersonal Therapies 4 Emotion Game  Sadness -- withdraw These are adaptive ways  Anger – remove obstacles – to get people out  Remove obstacles; intimidate of their way  Make reparations  Anxiety/fear – fight or flight  Fight/flight Freeze should be added here as  Hide  Shame – hide: to get out of the social group  Withdrawal/elicit help  Guilt – make preparation According to EFT all emotions are adaptive, that is one is using normal emotions in maladaptive ways Four class of emotional response  Primary adaptive emotional response The first things that happen Being angry, happy etc …  Primary maladaptive
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