Quiz Study Guide 1/17/2012 7:30:00 AM
From the Greek word for ‘unveiling’
The final battle between darkness and light expected at the end of
Apocalyptic literature flourished in the Hellenistic era.
o It also tends to be very eschatological in nature.
Hebrew term for covenant (contract)
The special relationship between God and the Jewish people.
The Jewish world outside of Israel.
It began with the Babylonian exile, from which not all Jews
One philosopher wrote about Diaspora saying that the Torah
remained very important but Diaspora thinkers tried to show that it
agreed with Greek philosophy.
The 1894 theory that the Pentateuch was not written only by Moses
but compiled over a long period of time from multiple sources.
Although most people disagree with this hypothesis, it tends to
serve as a basis for current research.
Doctrine concerning the end of the age.
The term comes from the Greeks, and it means ‘study of the end’
Ancient Hebrews were not overly focused on what happens after
death. This idea came much later.
The deportation of Jewish leaders from Jerusalem to Mesopotamia
by the Babylonians in 586 BCE.
Disrupting local Israelite political, ritual, and agricultural
institutions. It marked the transition from Israelite religion to
Exodus The migration of Hebrews from Egypt (where they were slaves)
under the leadership of Moses.
o God asks Moses to ask for the Hebrews to be released from
Egyptian control, when they refuse God sends a plague that
only affects the Egyptians, so they are able to escape. They
lived as nomads for 40 years.
o This is the time when the 10 Commandments were created.
o Since the Temple was destroyed the Hebrews worshipped in a
tent called the Tabernacle, which held the Arc of the
Understood to be the start of the Israelite nation.
The 7 branched candle stick.
Jewish symbol since ancient times, even before the Star of David.
Modern version is called the Hanukiah, it has 9 branches and is
used at Hanukkah.
Commentary or interpretation of the Torah
Most are line-by-line interpretations following along with the Biblical
text. Some follow the schedule of weekly biblical readings for the
When a new interpretation is written, it is added to existing ones.
Rather than just replacing them.
The Hebrew summary of the oral law. Inherited from Pharisais and
ascribed to Moses. It is arranged by topic.
o Agriculture, Festivals, Women, Damages, Rituals, and