RLGA01H3 Study Guide - Orthopraxy, Jain Cosmology, Jain Philosophy

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Published on 15 Nov 2010
School
UTSC
Department
Religion
Course
RLGA01H3
Professor
Page:
of 2
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Not to take life
|
Not to lie
|
Not to steal
|
Not to own property
|
Wandered throughout India,
gathered disciples and asked
them to observe the four
vows:
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Each Jain monastic
community is governed by
an acarya
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Jain monastic life pattern
are defined with rules for
truthfulness, study,
wandering, begging
confession and penance.
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Jain Cosmology
The visible universe is continually in the process of
change
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Beyond it is the indestructible and eternal realm of
limitless knowledge and infinite power
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The structure of the cosmos is seen to have
three principal realms
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Right faith
|
Right conduct
|
Right knowledge
|
Three Paths to Liberation:
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Jain Laity
Never intentionally take a life
|
Never lie or exaggerate
|
Never steal
|
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|
Limit oneself in wealth
|
Limit chances of transgressions
|
Limit personal possessions
|
Guard against unnecessary evils
|
Observe periods of meditation
|
Observe ascetic limitation
|
Spend some time living as a monastic
|
Give alms to a monastic community
|
Laymen take 12 vows:
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Non-violence
|
Truthfulness
|
Non-stealing
|
Sexual purity
|
Non-possession
|
The Fundamental Five
Practices (Mahavratas)
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The Digambaras and the Svetambaras
The issues of clothing for the ascetic
|
The attainment of liberation by women
(rose against Vedic time)
|
The human nature of the jina after
enlightenment
|
The content of the scriptural canon
|
Differences focus on:
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200 years after the death of Mahavira, the
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Jain philosophy is described by westerners
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sidedness)
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All judgments are said to be relative
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Jainism Page 2
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