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Final

RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Purgatory, Chaos 2, Ummah


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Final

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RLGAO2: Final Exam Study File
Material from Quiz #1
Part A: Terms: Identify and demonstrate the significance of each term.
Midrash: Any of a group of Jewish commentaries on the Hebrew Scriptures compiled
between A.D. 400 and 1200 and based on exegesis, parable, and haggadic legend.
Considered to be a compilation of interpretations and critical analyses of religious
texts.
Diaspora: The dispersion of Jews outside of Israel from the sixth century B.C., when
they were exiled to Babylonia, until the present time.
The first diaspora was a result of the Babylonian invasion, while the second one
occurred as a result of the Roman invasion.
This lead to the establishment of Jewish communities in Greece, Rome, Asia
Minor and Eastern Europe
Menorah: A seven-branched candelabrum used in celebration of Hanukkah. Each candle
represents one day of Hanukkah.
Exodus: The Jewish book of Moses that refers to the departure of the Israelites from
Egypt.
Passover: a religious observance celebrated by a small number of Protestant churches
instead of, or alongside, the more common Christian holy day and festival of Easter.
The redemption from the bondage of sin through the sacrifice of Christ is
celebrated, a parallel of the Jewish Passover's celebration of redemption from
bondage in the land of Egypt.
It also refers to the last meal that the Jewish people had before they left Egypt.
Torah: Can refer to the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures, a scroll of parchment
containing the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures used in a synagogue during
services or the entire body of religious law and learning including both sacred literature
and oral tradition.
Rabbi: A person trained in Jewish law, ritual, and tradition and ordained for leadership
of a Jewish congregation, especially one serving as chief religious official of a
synagogue.
Sabbath: Day of the week set aside for worship and observance of religious duties in
Judaism and Christianity.
The Jewish Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday and lasts until sunset the next day,
during which time no ordinary work or act of labor is performed.
For most Christian denominations, the Sabbath is on Sunday; prescribed conduct
varies considerably, but attendance at worship services is a feature common to all.

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In Islam, Friday is the day of worship.
Synagogue: In Judaism, a community house of worship that also serves as a place for
assembly and study.
Though their exact origins are uncertain, synagogues flourished side by side with
the ancient Temple cult; they existed long before Jewish sacrifice and the
established priesthood were terminated with Titus's destruction of the Second
Temple (AD 70).
Thereafter, synagogues took on even greater importance as the unchallenged focal
point of Jewish life.
There is no standard synagogue architecture.
A typical synagogue contains an ark (where the scrolls of the Law are kept), an
"eternal light" burning before the ark, two candelabra, pews, a bimah , and
sometimes a ritual bath (mikvah).
Themes from Part B: Short essay questions
1. Covenant
2. Messiah
3. Rabbinical Judaism
Quiz 2:
Part A: Terms: Identify and demonstrate the significance of each term.
Baptism: sprinkling or immersion in water, the ritual by which a person is initiated into
membership in the Christian community.
Baptism is considered to be a cleansing from sin. It is closely associated with
John the Baptist.
There are two groups: the Anabaptists (the European Baptists) and the English
Baptists.
The difference between the two is the theory that Anabaptists put more emphasis
on baptising adults rather than infants, making reference to the fact that Jesus was
baptised as an adult, and that there is an underlying concept of purification and
reincarnation
Anabaptism is a result of the Reformation Period, while English Baptism is a
result of the Puritan Movement.
English Baptism also emphasizes the selection of one’s religion and the privacy of
one’s choice.
Glossolalia: Speaking in strange tongues, which is a principal feature of modern
charismatic behaviour.
It means that they were understood by foreigners, not that they could speak
foreign languages.
Glossolalia today refers to angelic languages

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Hijrah: the Prophet Muhammad’s migration from Mecca to establish a community in
Medina.
With dates, the abbreviation AH stands for “year of the hijrah”, counting 354-day
lunar years from the event in 662 CE.
Sacrament: Was originally a term for an oath of allegiance in Latin.
It came to be applied to a wide range of Christian formal actions.
In the twelfth century, as many as thirty sacraments were enumerated, but in the
thirteenth century, seven sacraments became standard for the Catholic tradition:
obaptism
oconfirmation
othe Eucharist
openance
oanointing the seriously ill
oordination
omarriage
Apostle’s Creed: a brief statement of Christian doctrinal belief dating from about the
third century but ascribed to the apostles.
1. I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.
2. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord.
3. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary.
4. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.
5. He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again.
6. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
7. He will come again to judge the living and the dead.
8. I believe in the Holy Spirit,
9. the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints,
10. the forgiveness of sins,
11. the resurrection of the body,
12. and life everlasting.
Atonement: Christ’s restoration of humanity to a right relationship with God, variously
interpreted as divine victory over demonic power, satisfaction of divine justice or
demonstration of a moral example.
Indulgences: releases from specified amounts of time in purgatory, a realm to which in
Catholic doctrine the soul proceeds after death for an unspecified period of preparation to
enter Heaven.
Mysticism: a tradition cultivating and reflecting on the content of moments of intensely
felt spiritual union with the divine.
It does not just refer to something that is considered to be mysterious, but also
specific traditions that emphasize the certainty of profound personal experience.
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