lec 2 soca.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Ivanka Knezevic

SOCA01 INTRODUCE TO SOCIOLOGY SEPT 13,12 Theoretical Approaches to Sociology Thomson and Naiman: Two levels of social structure Sociologist analyse two levels of social structure that frame and influence human agency: - Microstructures (patterns of intimate social relations formed during face-to face interaction) - Macrostructures (overarching patterns of social relations in whole societies) - Other sociologists also consider mesostrutures and global structure Sociological imagination - C.Wright Mills (1959): - Sociological imagination shows the connection between personal troubles and public issues. Social problems can only be addressed if this connection is understood - Naiman: personal troubles should be connected to issues of distal power Elements of the sociological approach - theory: a tentative explanation of some aspect of social life stating how and why specific facts are connected - research: the process of carefully observing social reality to test the validity of a theory - value: ideas about desirability/worth of attributes, people, objects and processes - value-free sociology is impossible, but a sociologist’s biases must be declared and minimized by rigorous research method (Naiman). Main Theoretical Approaches in Sociology - Structural functionalism (Thomson: functionalism): How is social order supported by macrostructures? - Neo-Marxism (Thomson: Conflict theory): How is social inequality maintained and challenged? SOCA01 INTRODUCE TO SOCIOLOGY SEPT 13,12 - Symbolic interactionism (Thomson: microsociology): How do people create meaning (understand events) when they communicate in microlevel settings? - Feminism: What are the social sources of patriarchy in both macro and micro setting - Post-modernism: What diverse understandings of society do (individual and collective) human actors have? Functionalism (19 c. anthropology) and structuralism (1940s American sociology) - Mostly macrosociology - Naiman: an “order theory” 1. Human behavour is governed by stale patterns of social relations (“social structures”) Most patterns have a function in maintaining society. 2. Social structures are based on functional interdependence (like organs in a body) or shared values (difference between functionalism and structuralism) 3. Re-establishing equilibrium is the best way to solve social prob
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.