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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Chief Operating Officer, Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences, Network For Earthquake Engineering Simulation


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon
Study Guide
Midterm

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Functionalism (top-bottom) people are like robots who do what social structure tell them to
do
Social solidarity
Eualibriliam
Macro structure/ social structure
Durkhem re introduce social solidarity; bring back social solidarity by creating
associations for workers, emploers and professions
Great Depression 10 years- poverty, violence, social theoriest: we have understand that
how can we bring back social acculibraibeam and functionalist become popular during
this time and for 30 years
One of the famous theorist- Tellaart Carson; he identify family as a key for social
solidarity; for uniting people; education is important as well as religion
Durken believe religion unites people
Robert Murten influence by Durhem, Parsons student, funictionist; he took functionist in
8 different directions, he thought that functionist more complicated just because
something exist doesnt mean to say functional
Religious conflicts-some time religion can be dysfunctional
He also introduce us to manifest (visible and intendent)and laten(unintendent)
Unintendent-fasion; fashionable and unfashionable
Conflict Theory
Different from Fuctionalism
Society are donimint by conflict
Macro; classes, social classes and how class relates to each other
Ex. Wealthy classes will dominate poor classes,
Power struggle
To eliminate domination
Mao in China try to conduct a cultural revolution try to bring about equality in China
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Conflict theory say: if you have equality, conflicts will disappear
Marx father of conflict theory, introduce Class Conflict and it drives history
Natural Conflict, He said number of workers will larger and owners will smaller; lower
class will over through upper class and this introduce Communist society
Class conflict: what you believe and what is you in reality conflicts
Max Labur is the first critique of Mark, society is changing, we dont have larger industrial
working class and it is getting smaller and been replaced by professional and nonmanual
workers (highly education) and this will larger society
Politics: not just class, but class conflits will shape history, policitcs and religion also
shape historically changes
Working conditions become better; in the 18th century working conditions are worse,
dangerous place to be, no choice and nowadays, working conditions has been better
and wages gone up; welfare system gone up
Marx didnt anticipate that living participation didnt been approved
Sociological Imagination-how do sociologist thinking, to connect personal trouble with
social structures
See some one that is unemployed as macro structure, not the personal reason
Connect personal troubles to outer issues
American: power is US is the control of the many by the few, a lot of conflict theorist see
society in that way
Labour unions, stripes,
Black Power Movement , Martin Luther King
Symbolic Interactionism (our fate is not complete determind by social sturctures) people
can make choices, and it is up to sociologist to determine choices people made
starts in the upper level to the bottm; top down approach by Conflict Theorist
Vershitain starts with individual and works way to the top
Empathy: put ourselves into other people shoes, view from other perspectives
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No Egocentrasity, see the world from perspectatiove from other people, undetstand other
people movitves ; bottom top approach
Verber, German, comes to America, and America is highly individualistic
Symbolic Interationism more consistant with democracy
How individual gets the sence of self, get form intertaction because isolation people dont sense
of self
Herbert Blumever: symbolic interaction is a micro event, people interact with throughing
symbols to each other.
We interact by exchanging symbols, we make changes by using symbolic iner changes
Symbolic Interaction get from language and body language; game, and people have to learn
and how it works
Goffin, Canadian, undergraduate degree in UFT, he sees social interaction like a play, actors,
they have scripts to follow, play the roles –understanding how social works work, and it can be
very beneficial to your life
Theories of Childhood
Id, ego, and super ego
Id-nature, according to Freud, hunger, sex drive
Super Ego- your conscience which you acquire from nurture
Super ego and id conflicts with each other, the war;
Ego tries to balance those two demands, and tries to reduce the conflicts from those two
demands
When people in the civilization, and it has morality, the id is the animal view, the job of the ego
is to balance the morality and instinctual desire
We usually repress the conflict and move it to unconscious mind, Freud: you want to create an
environment for a child : if he wants it and give it to him
If not, will cause childhood depression
Very permissive when comes to Toliet Trainning
No connection between Toliet Trainning to Well industrialied adult
Problem of His theory
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