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Sociology Exam REVIEW

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Shelly Ungar

Sociology Exam REVIEW Lecture 6 Solutions to problem of order  Socialization  Sanctions (Force)  Exchange  Emotion production  Fish becomes institutionized& normative (mythogized) >Societal Metaphor: Transportation (A bus) Are there cultural universal?  Incest IS universal, but its not specific.  Violence in the group is normally ‟taboo‟ (it can exist @ certain levels)  Funerals & mourning (you can say its universal, but it varies)  Emerging ones? (Human Rights)  Virtually any social practice is relative. (Larceny, incest, infanticide, parricide --- everything has at some time been accounted a virtuous action. ) These things vary from society to society. Ethnocentrism: The tendency for a person to judge other cultures exclusively by the standards of his or her own. Feral Children are those not raised by humans. Socialization & order (conformity, constraint)  Learn basic values and norms of society  Internalize these “in” the self >They Motive us (frueds superego) >Springs to action  Obey or feel guilt >Plus seek approval of others  Vs Oversocialized conception of person Stalin  Socialization- “new Soviet person” >Complete control of media & education >Bans religion (Undermines ethnic groups, i.e cleansing) >Censorship (No access to printing outside party) >killed up to 60 million people (recall destoevsky: 19 century thinks worried if god were dead, anything would be permissible) >Soldiers on front lines -Take off uniforms first >soldiers taken prisoner by Germans >If you survived & went back to Russia, you were killed Sapir- Whorf Hypothesis: Holds that we experience certain things in our environments and form concepts about those things in our environment and form concepts about those things. We then develop language itself influences how we see the world. Example Oversocailized conception of person 1  Never fully socialized >He talks about “ID” & “I” (irreducible) Oversocialized concept of person 2  Socialization by group or place Oversocalized concept of persons 3  Role conflict >Professor +Teaching Matters +Publication is everything >Work +Quality comes first +Gets tons out no matter what  Sanctions/Force >Reward desirable behavior +Punish undesirable Limits of Sanctions (force) 1  “Red light” problem >Depends on surveillance Limits of Sanctions (force) 2  People avoid formal sanctions >Most social control is informal +Minor sanctions/rewards Emotion & Social order  Emotion effects hypothesis >Strength of belief‟s depends on the emotional energies invested in them >Fundamental beliefs often „undergrounded” -Not able to explain -Emotion rules (stipulate what you should feel & when)  Groups can socialize  Emotion work +By the self +to repress the wrong emotions +Ceremonies created so „do‟ emotions -show traits -moral drama‟s Stalin & emotion  Great revered leader -Ubiquitous statues & images -Stories of heroism -Great patriotic war +Saves the fatherland  Also fear or really terror +Show trials Moral Drama’s  Public Spectacles  Status degradation process Creation of deviants Deviance occurs when someone departs from a norm and evokes a negative reaction from others.  Even in a society of angles, there needs to be deviance.  Creates them -“Show trials” -Degradation ceremonies  Moral Drama‟s in north America  Big issue of emotions in the 1950‟s was the “Red Scare” >Atomic Spies >Ethel & Julius Rosenburg >Klaus Fuch‟s >Alger Hiss  Big issues in the 1960s are hippies & Vietnam >Abbie Hoffman: Chicago 7-Hippies & Yippies >Marlyn manson  Big issues in the 1980‟s >Iran Contra-Oliver North >Junk Bonds –Micheal Milikin (don‟t need to no his name) tons of people lost money & it had to be bailed out  Big issues in the 1990‟s >Rodney King Football player >Clarence Thomas vs Anita Kill  Big issues in the 2000‟s >Osama Binladen  Its much easier to create negative emotions then positive. >Orwell: „Big Brother‟ >Dante: Inferno vs Heaven Lecture 7 Dramatic Impact  Display correct feelings & to show not just on surface, but go in a few inches  Successful Interaction not a given, but an accomplishment-1  Not feel self-conscious or “on” (highly self conscious, very aware of yourself)  Strangers; new situations; hi status other; being evaluated; illegal acts  Coordinate acts accomplishment 2  Mutual understanding  Conversation a. “I have a child.” b. “That‟s ok.”  Stay in role accomplishment 3  Dressing, behaving  Versus Breakdown accomplishment 4  Infractions, embarrassment Accomplishing social order -Harol Garfinkel  Ethnomethodology , look at interaction  He violated rules: Breeched & uncovered hidden norms  methods of the folks--to maintain social order  Seinfeld –close talker: students across desk vs stats besides  rules of conversation--assume person knows what saying & understood  much a gloss--not clear, but conversation norms disregard act as if comprehend  content less important than ongoing successful inter  emotional content more imp than words & meanings Rituals or accomplish order  Affirms both selves vs threaten them  Common ritual is a greeting ritual >Attenuation Rule: important  Parting rituals  Minor infractions >cross cultural infractions: embarrassment >Feet on a table, or eating with left hand  Ritual work -Infractions -> Accounts -Script for accounts? >Offer provide help >Offer apology/explanation >Do sufficient ritual/ remedial work  Remedial work >Displays member sh
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