November 14.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB42H3
Professor
Dan Silver
Semester
Fall

Description
November 14, 2013 SOCB42 Week 9 Democratic Politics  equality is comprised above hierarchy  Tyranny of majority! what everybody thinks may influence our decision making  no going back to aristocratic society.  what are the 1. idea of administrative decentralization  governmental vs. administration  Foreign policy – going to war which affects everybody. its is important to have one authority to decide this. T has no problem with this this is governmental!  different communities have dif ideas of how they want things to run. There is a tendency in democracy to want to centralize these. It s wrong to have different education for dif cities! it needs to be one central educational system.  however T is worried about this because it might make the cities leave it up to other cities to get the job done.  he thinks that it should be “deadministrative”. not have a central authority but have different communities with different authority being able to decide. o however this is not the most efficient way to make decisions because there is so many people that are in charge and have their opinions. o *T thinks in a political perspective that the benefits outweigh the cost *  HAVE MORE AUTHORITY WITHIN COMMUNITIES 2. Newspapers!!  freedom of the press is part of democracy, anyone can say their opinions  this too brings a danger: when everyone is free to express their opinion, they are free to express it even if it is not good for society  another danger is the tendency to standardization. newspapers make opinions (ex. new York times is world know and makes centralized opinions)  despite this T says we need this!! Because in a majority government it is very easy to violate the opposition.. IMPORTANT TO KEEPING THE CENTRAL AUTHORITY IN CHECK  he is definitely for having many many small newspapers that state different opinions 3. Voluntary Association  pg.180-181  an association that is kept up by people by volunteering  this is democratic practices, they are all free to join, and we can do this with anybody else that wants to join as well  this is important because it can get things done by gathering people together and (building a park) become a social group that are preforming some type of work  this can outweigh the government and propose new things that lack within the community  the dangers are that you may create organizations that are against the government of the groups own city 4. Mediocre Leaders  T thinks that ML are in the long-term interest of a country  they tend to benefit the population because they have the same needs as any other person  they tend to help out regular people  the interests of people tend to align with 5. Patriotism  pg.225  2 types: Instinctive vs. reflective  dangers : it weakens instinctive patriotism  Instinctive- don’t need to ask myself if I love my country, it is an instinct, we are born like so.  why it weakens because people don’t want to accept things instinctively but rather think and decide on our own. This is hard for people in these societies to accept  the only way for average people to have some type of pride and powers that can localize the country (do anything to protect your country)  the other type reflective: rooted in results. you love you r countries because of the things the country has achieved not because you were born in it. 6. Rule of Law  we don’t like to have rulers that are exempt from the law  laws that are followed by everybody (equally subject)  dangers: we can make bad laws  however even if you don’t think this is right you have to obey the law  in democratic society has internal solution : t says that you respect the law because you can change the law. They are not always there  minority can feel like they are not overpowered by the majority  can change the law. Public opinion. Democratic Culture  what happens to culture changes 1. Philosophy  don’t spend a lot of time reading philosophy says T  American operates according to certain philosophy. a philosophy which will lead you to not read philosophy  Descartes, ultimate source of certainty is our own individual mind pg.403  T thinks is social condition is your mind. people are born into a certain life (aristocratic society: your father made shoes therefore you will make shoes) in democratic world it does mean if your father made shoes that you will too. Accept the ideas of how things are done are changing all the time. It is up to you to figure it out what and how to do it. THE ONLY THING YOU CAN RELY ON IS YOURSELF.(pg403)  consequences of this is: tendency of informality rather than a reliance of external show. 2. Religion  three step way of looking at this according to T:  GENERAL LEVEL  general beliefs that we accept without questions.  if there were no basic ideas there would be chao
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