socio fam quiz 2 indigenous.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ping- Chun Hsiung

Indigenous fathering article - - Study on Canadian indigenous fathers involvement - Five community/partnerships held interviews with 80 first nation metis fathers in BC. - Grounded theory approach a conceptual model constructed - 6 key ecological and phsychological factors that accounted for mens experience of fatherhood. - 1. Personal wellness 2. Learning father 3. Socioeconomic inclusion, support 5. Legislative and policy support 6. Cultural continuity. - They bring systemic barriers to positive fathers involvement including - Socioeconomic inclusion - Due to failures of education system, ongoing colonization through canadas Indian act - And mother-centrism in parenting programs and welfare practices - Policy and program reforms deem to increase indigenous fathers positive and sustained engagement with their children. - Indigenous fathers are the most socially excluded population of father around the world - Colonial gov interventions disrupt indigenous families and communities and social inequities created challenges for these fathers - Removal of children from fam care and fam from traditional territories and also due to high rates of incarceration of men - This all has produced messed up father roles across generations and created challenges for fathers positive and sustained involvement with their kids - Fathering is reproduced through experienced of being cared by a father role model during childhood - When they never really had a father in childhood then how are they suppose to be a good model of fathers - Higher proportyion of indigenous men compared to non-inden do not have their paternity registered on birth records - Half of the pop of indigenous children will grow up with no father living in the home - Indigenous men are 9 times more likely to be incarcerated ans 3 times more likely to commit suicide and more geographically mobile - Literature on fathering is more orientated towards European heritage - Only view studies have asked indigenous fathers to give own account of experienced with children - Study: hossain found Navajo fathers invested 60% as much time as mothers in direct caregiving - In qunatative study of 14 ojibway fathers, greater involvement in caregiving associated with better academic achievement and social developememt among children especially boys - Suggest intergenerational modeling effect fathers spent more time caregiving had been fathered themselves by men who were more involved - “Baba” movement south Africa focuses on regeneration of positive involvement of African men with children/youth and changing notions of masculinity - Colonization has a lot to do with it….earlier aboriginals separated from others put on reserves etc. then a switch happened in integrating them…which wasn’t very successful and create more problems for the indigenous - Colonial efforts to connect tie sbetween children and parents was Indian residential schools where by 1960 half og first nation and metis children Canada were confined - There was constant neglect, physical,sexual abuse - Most first nations are the survivors of these schools or have suffered secondary trauma by being born
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