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SOCB58 Lesson 4 Summary

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University of Toronto Scarborough

Economics:  Economy refers to how you run your lives at home  Dikos means home, economics means the science of running the home Aristotle on the good life:  One of the most famous thinkers in history; he was thinking about how to live, and was a student of Plato, and Aristotle always wanted to test people before saying something is true  He wants to get to a very analytical explanation of everything, and wondered alot  The good life is obsessed with ancillary aspects of truth and not truth itself;  Political science meant you were your own representative and contributed to society  People would decide on what children should study, ideas were always debated  The youth will not understand the good life because the goals of young people are not knowledge but action  A notion of “in-itself” versus a means to an end; Aristotle says the highest form of friendship is not using friends for needs, but when your interest it giving to your friend; there is no end  Happiness is connected to the good life, Pleasure life, Political Life and Contemplative Life; Aristotle says the top three things for happiness are a) good relationships, followed by good health and then the third is good work; he says happiness is the foundation for everything  Aristotle says many people do not understand the meaning of happiness  The reason many people have peanut allergies is because the peanut plant was the first plant that had been genetically modified  Aristotle says for some people the highest form of happiness would be wealth, but the accumulation of wealth will not necessarily make you happy  You’ll be happy if you fulfill some rational principal that’s already there for you to fulfill  Entelechy; everything has an actuality and potentiality, the potentiality goes to actuality  Everything has potential to reach the highest position it can possibly be, and human beings can do this through being virtuous and present excellence  Final aim is not a means to any other end but an end in itself; There’s a final we think, and an actual final! The ultimate final, once you have reached it, you don’t need anything else; once you’ve understood what something is truthfully, you’ve reached the end Epicurus:  For him, pleasure is totally different from Epicurus, he says Pleasure and pain are always are guides  Pleasure is pain  Pleasure is really key; without pleasure we would not want to li
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