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SOCC38H3 Study Guide - Biological Determinism, Essentialism, Masculinity

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Ann Mullen

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Gendered society reading.
Difference in the definition between sex and gender.
Sex=strictly biological (automical)
Gender= how they are manifested in social world, through social cultural construction, hwo
the bio differences are played out.
Reading says how socio explanation of gender differ from bio and psycho explanations.
(main point)
What does socio contribute to our understanding of gender and gender diff that we dont get
from bio, psych and anthro.
Gender diff across diff cultures and time periods.
- an extent to which we look for gender diff in society, how we use the term for opposite sex
as if we are completely diff and there is no overlap between men and women.
The difference between when we think about main diff between men and women
(bals/penis/boobs bla bla, tennis, wrestling etc. etc. ) they dont fully convery the overlap
between men and women, and one way to think about that is if we had distribution (no
commonality = no overlap)
Some traits that only men have and women dont.. absolutely no over lap, and often times
the mean differences (the average differnce)
More variation within genders than.
Second point most of the time when we do see gender differences, we tend to perceive
what ever it is that men have and tend to be better,
When men were thought to predominantly use the left brain more than the right brain, that
was seen as women were difficient, because they were using more sides of the brain in a
more balance. Womens absence was seen as defficieny, for lower levels in that one area.
Whats wrong with men that they dont go into social work and whats wrong with women for
not doing that men are doing and vice versa.
Emphasize difference between men and women.
Women dont go into engineering because of gender and sexx differences or abilities what
ever, it looks like a gender difference.
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