VPMA93H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 58 pages long!)

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Published on 28 Mar 2018
School
Course
Professor
UTSC
VPMA93H3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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VPMA93 Lecture 1 Introduction to Listening and Sound
In western musical society, we only think only a handful of people are musical.
Music is a part of our daily lives and there are way more musical people in our society then
what we actually think.
Many people listen to various types of music during their daily lives but yet considers
themselves musical
Creative listening is a musical ability that is fundamental to music as it is to language. It allows
us to understand the composers through predicting certain mood or event in the music.
Understanding the sounds and true meaning behind music requires one to study the biological
processes of aural perception
Music allows one to describe emotional experiences which he has learned to associate with
particular musical sounds
Various types of Music (ie. Art Music Vs Folk Music) provide no accurate meaning but merely
define the interests and activities of different social groups.
Music is a source of communication understanding the thoughts, emotions, and society of the
composer
Musi is a produt of the ehaiour of hua groups, hether foral or iforal: it is
hualy orgaized soud.
Sound Production:
Sound is caused by some sort of material being agitated in some way either being
struck. Vibration cause changing in the atmospheric pressure causing changes in sound
in vibrating way.
Sound ways travel in the same speed, the difference is the number of waves created the
object. (less waves= low frequency, More waves= high frequency)
Humans have a board range of sound that we hear while some animals such as cats and
dogs do not.
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Frequency the number of complete vibrations or cycles per second in a vibrating system,
such as a string or a column of air
frequency is the primary determinant of the listeer’s pereptio of pith
Pitch the relative position (high or low) of a musical sound, depending on its fundamental
frequency (the number of cycles per second of the sounding object)
the faster the vibrations, the higher the pitch
Controlling how long it takes the sound to leave the instrument will determine whether
the instrument will produce a high/low pitch
The tuba produces the lowest pitch
Tone a sound with a definite, consistent pitch
Resonance is the cause of sound production in musical instruments eg. Sound speaker
An instrument can be forced into vibrating at one of its standing wave patterns if
another interconnected object pushes it with one of those frequencies.
When one object vibrating at the same natural frequency of a second object forces that
second object into vibrational motion.
When an object is put into motion it vibrates in a number of different ways, letting out
various different sounds.
Harmonics a series of frequencies, all of which are integral multiples of a single frequency
termed the fundamental
the secondary tones above a fundamental pitch that, taken in sum, help form the
totality of that sound
eg. Heard in harps and various other instruments; mainly string instruments
Overtones (also called partial) a secondary vibration in a sound-producing body, which
contributes to the overall tone colour
When a person sings 2 notes at the same time
Sound envelope the combination of characteristics defining the attack, steady state, and
decay of a tone
the length of the pitch; attack is the initial sound made by the mouth
Sine wave is the first sound wave ever produced
Timbre the character or quality of a musical sound as determined by its harmonics and
sound envelope
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Document Summary

Plays as a foundation for the melody: sitar a long-necked string instrument with a wide fingerboard with movable frets, a gourd-shaped body and resonator, 7 principal strings (4 melody and 3 drones) and. The types of scales used in western music with which we are familiar are the main building blocks of to(cid:374)alit(cid:455) i(cid:374) the west i(cid:374) the (cid:858)co(cid:373)(cid:373)o(cid:374) practice(cid:859) era (17th 19th centuries) 1 1 - 1 1 1- . You are meant to heard one part on top of others. Beats are grouped in duple (eg. military songs), triple, quadruple (eg. mozart), quintuple (eg. jazz music), changing- varying metre (eg. (eg. jazz music), changing- varying metre (eg. beatles songs) If a third instrument starts playing with a slightly different beat but is derived from the first t(cid:449)o i(cid:374)stru(cid:373)e(cid:374)t"s (cid:373)elody that is polyrhythm. Vpma93 lecture 5 - form (musical) form (cid:862) the (cid:272)o(cid:374)stru(cid:272)ti(cid:448)e or orga(cid:374)izi(cid:374)g ele(cid:373)e(cid:374)t i(cid:374) (cid:373)usi(cid:272).

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