WSTA03H3 Study Guide - Green Belt Movement, Masculinity, Gender Equality

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24 Apr 2012
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Human Nature
What is Woman
Cause of Women's
Oppression
Solution
Achievements
Critiques
Marxist-
Socialist
The purpose
of humans are
to be
producers and
to survive.
She should
ideally be a
socially
productive
person.
Socially
productive
person.
Capitalism exists
and therefore
women are being
oppressed.
Hierarchical class
relations exist.
Motherhood and
child nurturing is
the reason for men
to be able to
produce for the
economy.
Overthrow
Capitalism
Improving women's
labour conditions.
Highlighting the fact
that work at home is
not paid.
Encouraging women to
unionize.
Too revolutionary.
Overthrowing capitalism doesn't
end sexism and men and women
are NOT the same.
Psychoanalytic
To develop
psycholo-
gically and
discover one's
sexuality.
They never
resolve their
Oedipus
Complex.
According to
Freud women
are immoral
creatures
without a
superego. After
the
development of
psycho
analytic
feminism Freud
was later
proved to be
wrong on many
accounts of his
theories. Rather
Because there is a
distinction
between man and
woman.
Masculinity and
femininity holds
two different sets
of principles.
Gender
Deconstruction:
More Men should
take up feminine
tasks to break
down gender
stereotypes.
Emphasis on care
giving as a
positive
experience.
More men have gender
bent jobs and roles.
Men now watch for
sexist language.
It ignores social constructs in
which socially differentiated
characters or experiences arise.
It replicates on Freud's focus and
doesn't acknowledge
homosexuality, or single parent,
transgendered, and cross national
and racial.
women wanted
the power
which came
with the status
of being male.
Eco-Feminism
Humans are
natural beings
and nature is
linked to them
spiritually/
socially/
historically.
Violence is
bad.
Women are
seen as the
natural element
of the human
composition
putting them
closer to nature.
They are the
reason
humanity is
allowed to be
sustained in the
world.
Patriarchal dualism
is the reason
behind why women
are discriminated
by men. Women
are seen as
Nature/Natural
whereas the men
are seen as cultural
entities. When
cultures colonize
nature they are
essentially
colonizing women.
Gender solution:
Womanhood
should be
separate from
man and seen as
organic and
peaceful
relationship with
nature.
Socio/Economic
Solution:
Establish a new
cultural vision to
revert back to
nature and stop
capitalistic
oppression.
Highlights destruction
of nature.
Survival of women =
Survival of Nature
Green Belt movement
and the survival of
women in general.
Biologizes women
Perpetuates patriarchal
stereotypes about women.
Some western eco feminists =
"Luxury spirituality"
Supports band aid solutions.
Post Modern
and Queer
Theory
Rational, Self
interested,
with stable +
coherent
identities.
They don't
necessarily
have a fixed
nature by
birth, nor a
fixed identity.
A woman is an
empty signifier
until we as a
society with
individual
beliefs create an
opinion of what
she is.
Binary Thinking: To
think in terms of
opposites.
Fundamental
Dichotomy: man =
cultural, high, light,
or generally
positive.
The Woman=
Passive, Low,
Natural, Negative.
Deconstruct the
gender binary
Open space for
other genders
and stop placing
labels on what
genders are.
Queer theory:
There are more
than two genders
and sexual
preferences;
Brought women into
the high world of theory
Mutual relations among
different categories of
women.
For example:
A WHITE woman can't
exist without a NON-
WHITE woman.
Mere theoreticians.
Removed from the everyday
concerns of average women.
The theory does not have enough
support necessary for social and
political transformation.
The limited power of words and
signs.
none abnormal
heterosexuality is
the only way of
being sexed and
gendered.
Post Colonial
Feminism
Inseparable
from the
individuals
location in the
global social
and political
context.
Influenced by
and shaped by
colonial power
relations.
No universal
definition of
womanhood.
Cultural
differences are
important
among women.
Specific
experiences and
intersections of
local and global
power
dynamics.
There is no ONE
single cause.
The worlds division
into first and third
nations.
Gender is
connected to
political and
economic issues.
Gender equality
can be achieved
without
economic and
political justice
for all the
nations.
Transfer from
Micro economy
to Macro
economy.
Embrace
differences in
women and link
local to global
vice versa.
Addresses:
the exploitation
of women's
cheap labour
around the
world
the
interconnected
ness of sexual
oppression and
economic
oppression
the
shortcomings of
international
human rights
discourse.
The danger of cultural relativism:
What constitutes as difference?
What constitutes as outright
violation of basic women's right?
Justifies local authoritarian
regimes in the name of struggle
against colonialism.
Liberal: Rationalize + Autonomous, Someone who is equal to a man, the glass ceiling, receive job opportunities.
Radical: Born with sexed bodies, Women are greater than men, Sexual Violence patriarchy historical, psychological, economic.