ANA 301S – MULTIPLE CHOICE
JANUARY 26, 2009
Time: 50 minutes.
Value: THIS EXAMINATION IS WORTH 25%
OF YOUR FINAL MARK IN ANA 301S
1. Print and code your student number and name in the spaces provided on the
computer sheet. Code surname first, beginning in the first column – be sure
you code your name and student number.
2. Make sure that you have appropriately filled in the little box to indicate which
exam you wrote – either A, B, C, or D.
3. All answers must be marked by an ordinary HB pencil. Fill in the appropriate
space completely and darkly. You may erase an incorrect answer, but do so
4. For each question, READ THE INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY. All
questions are of equal value. There is only one appropriate answer to each
5. Excluding the cover page, there are 8 pages of questions. Please check that all
pages are present before starting the examination.
NO QUESTIONS WILL BE ANSWERED BY THE INVIGILATORS
DURING THE EXAMINATION . 1. Select the incorrect statement regarding the role of testicular temperature in
A. Contraction of the cremaster muscle will eventually lead to an increase in
B. The contraction of the dartos muscle of the scrotum will eventually lead to
a decrease in testicular temperature.
C. Blood entering the pampiniform plexus of veins from the testicle is
typically cooler than the blood flowing to the testicle in the testicular artery.
D. The function of the testicle is more likely to be adversely affected by
temperatures near core body temperature than is the function of the
E. Elevated testicular temperatures are associated with elevated numbers of
2. Select the one best completion. The most common cause of infertility in females
is .. .. ..
B. sperm isoimmunity
C. obstructions of the uterine tubes.
D. absence of a sex chromosome (Turner’s syndrome).
E. hostile cervical mucus.
3. Select the one correct statement about the development of the primitive streak.
A. Hensen’s node (primitive knot or primitive pit) is a part of the primitive
streak that appears during the third week of development.
B. During the 5thweek of development the primitive streak is forming
tissues that will contribute to the development of the head and neck.
C. The primitive streak normally continues to function until the end of the
D. During gastrulation the ectoderm migrates through the primitive streak
to form the mesoderm and the endoderm.
E. The primitive streak develops in the head of the bilaminar embryo.
1 4. Select the incorrect statement.
A. Sperm cells are capable of completing the process of meiosis much more quickly
B. Sperm cells appear to remain viable in the female reproductive tract for a longer
time than the oocyte does once it has been ovulated.
C. About 10 in 100 spermatozoa have a structural defect and about in 2 in 100
oocytes have an abnormal number of chromosomes.
D. Spermatozoa bind first to a glycoprotein molecule in the zona pellucida and then
to an integrin molecule in the membrane of the secondary oocyte.
E. Sperm cells normally have less difficulty entering into the uterus in the period
around the time of ovulation than they do at other times of the reproductive cycle.
5. Select the one best completion. Contact between the sperm cell membrane and
the egg cell membrane leads to .. .. ..
A. release of the cortical granules.
B. completion of the second meiotic division.
C. creation of the first polar body.
D. A + B.
E. A + B + C.
6. Select the incorrect statement about the complex that is release from the ovary at
A. The secondary oocyte is suspended in metaphase.
B. The surrounding cells of the corona radiata supply nutrients and other
molecules to the secondary oocyte through gap junctions.
C. The zona pellucida encircles the oocyte.
D. The corona radiata will trap sperm cells so that there are increased
numbers of them around the oocyte.
E. Sperm cells need to pass through the layer of the corona radiata before
they reach the oocyte.
7. Which one of the following contains the somatic cell karyotype of 46
A. First polar body.
C. The pronucleus.
E. The secondary oocyte.
2 8. Select the one best completion. Human chorionic gonadotropin .. .. ..
A. is not normally detected in the maternal urine during the first week of
B. acts on the ovary to prevent regression of the corpus luteum.
C. is produced by the inner cell mass.
D. A + B.
E. A + B + C.
9. Select the incorrect statement about the first two weeks of developm