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JAV131H1 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Weissenhof Estate, Le Corbusier

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Hans Ibelings
Study Guide

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1917-1933 Modernisms AND Avant-gardes
Why was Le Corbusier so important?
o Le Corusiers fie poits
o Towards an Arch (book), 1923
o Made Villa Savoye, Poissy, 1928-9
o Made Plan Voisin, 1925
o Uses warm saturated colours
o Interior colour gave definition to the spaces
o Made houses Haus 16 Bruckmannweg 4 and Haus 17 Bruckmannweg 6 demolished
Used paneling system
Used light and transparent furniture
The Heroic Period of Modern Architecture 1917-1933 book
o New School teachings (Bauhaus art school)
o Disseminating architecture
Paper arhitets eoe uilt arhitets like the Coual Buildig
Alison and Peter Smithson, The Heroic Period of Modern Arch. 1981
o Things rapidly evolved new innovations
o 1926 Bauhaus, Dessau
o 1927 Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart - exhibition
o 1928 CIAM, La Sarraz International congress of modern Arch.
Walter Gropius Bauhaus, Dessau, 1926
o director of Bauhaus - important school that closed
o uses open corners transparent and glass
o Iwao Yamawaki Japanese student at the Bauhaus
o New vision new angles to show building
o Feel the images are circling around the building dynamic
o Uninterrupted interior space
o School was about theatre,
designing, drawing, painting, making
o A lot of international students
helped spread his vision around the
world mostly in Japan
Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Weissenhof Estate, Stuttgart 1927
o Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart, 1927
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o Embraced futurism would take picts of buildings with car in front of it
o Weissenhofsidlung (J.J.P. Oud)
Railings are reduced
Decorating was disappearing
Reduced in its form
Kitchen was important efficient, simple and clean kitchen
A house should be a like a machine
o Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Weissenhofsiedlung,
Stuttgart 1927
Le Corbusier, Five Points 1920s
o 1. A building should have pillars not walls
o 2. Should have a roof garden
o 3. Free plan pillars can create divisions
o 4. Free Elevation have wide and long windows
o 5. Horizontal strip windows are preferred over other ones
Walter Gropius, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart, 1927 (remember they
are box shaped)
Mart Stam, Dwelling Weissenhofsisedlung, Stuttgart 1927
o young arch.
o Collaorated ith “tas Wolkeugel
o Collaborated with Ernst May - Hellernfor,
Franksurt in 1929
Made housing
He created open strips of housing facing the sun
(Ernst May)
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