EAS105 Midterm Notes.docx

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East Asian Studies
Christina Han

EAS105 Midterm Exam WHO WHAT WHEN WHERE SIGNIFICANCE Matteo Ricci - Italian Jesuit missionary - attempted to bring a mutual - - Ming Dynasty - China - introduced Christian teachings and comprehension b/w China and brought mathematical and astronomical the West by learning the knowledge to China Chinese language and culture The Banner System - a military system used by the- - Manchu Empire - China - the troops allowed them to conquer Manchus to maintain military China and establish the Qing Dynasty control and preserve the Manchus’ privileges - groups of companies distinguished by banners of different colours th The Manchus - group of people from - conquered China in the 17 - China - founded the Jin and Qing Dynasty northeastern China century and ruled for more than 250 years - distinct in their queue hairstyle Emperor Kangxi - second emperor of Qing - one of China’s greatest and - Qing Dynasty - China - longest-reigning Chinese emperor in Dynasty hard-working emperors; under history his rule the Qing Empire started to prosper, dynastic succession was stabilized, and he was comparatively benevolent Emperor Qianlong - fourth emperor of Qing - under his six-decade reign - Qing Dynasty - China - reinforced Chinese authority in south Dynasty (one of the longest in Chinese and east and made China an oriental history), politics and military giant in the world affairs, as well as ideology and culture flourished th th Chinoiserie - fanciful European - 17 and 18 - mixture of Eastern and Western stylistic interpretations of Chinese century elements for both the decoration and styles in Western interior shape design, furniture, pottery, textiles and garden design The Tokugawa regime - final period of traditional - aka Edo Japan - Japan - regime characterized by a centralized Japan, was a time of internal feudalism peace, political stability, and economic growth under the shogunate founded by Tokugawa Ieyasu Yangban - highest social class, were - Joseon Dynasty - Korea - had many privileges in the state, like responsible for maintaining land and stipends, and entitlement to Confucian standards and civil service exams and exemption from elevating the morality of the military duty, but the system later ended society up corrupted Neo-Confucianism - a more rational, moral and - originated in the - China - served the ideology of rule throughout ethical form of Confucianism Tang Dynasty and China, Korea and Japan that was distinguished by a was most search for a unifying prominent in the explanation for the universe, Song and Ming the physical world, and human dynasties nature The Dutch Learning - a body of knowledge - Tokugawa era - Japan - caused rapid and radical modernization developed by the Japanese in Japan through its contacts with the Dutch, allowing them to learn Western medicine, science and technology and world events Naehun - a textbook compiled by Queen - Joseon Dynasty - Korea - important text that describes the roles Sohye, which provided elite of women in Joseon Korea women with guidelines for decorum in the household Kaiho Seiryō and his - Japanese thinker - believed that all social - Tokugawa (Edo) - Japan - major figure in the Japanese invention Lessons from the Past relationships are predicated on Japan of economics the measured exchange of goods and services and supported gov’t regulation of prod’n and distrib’n of goods - LFTP a summation of his economic thought in Tokugawa Nativism in Japan - aka kokugaku or “National - Tokugawa era - Japan Learning”, a mov’t that began as a rejection of the Chinese cultural influence and other importations of foreign knowledge in Edo Japan and to return to the indigenous culture of Japan. School of National Learning was established and efforts made to restore the Ancient Way, which was the revival of Shinto and ancient Japanese classics and poetry. Western Imperialism - in East Asia, rather than establish colonies, the Western powers imposed unequal treaties… Eurocentric - a pervasive presumption, Diffusionism argued against by Blaut, about the superior Western culture that naturally flowed outward and brought modernization to the rest of the world “Traditional women” - traditional women in east asia were expected to be domestic, submissive, sacrificing, nurturing, suppressed, and victimized… The Opium Wars - two trading wars in the mid- - Qing Dynasty -
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