ENG100H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Tyrrhenians, Psalm 51, Purim
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Job was a wealthy man with seven sons and three daughters. He had the greatest
faith but Satan told God that he was only reverent because God had blessed him.
To prove him wrong, God killed all of Job's children and destroyed his wealth. Job
ripped off his clothing and worshiped God. Satan told God that Job was still loyal
because he had not suffered any actual pain. God smote Job with boils and his wife
told him to curse God and ask to die. Job refused. His friends came to mourn with
him. He opened his mouth to curse himself and lamented. He asked why his life
was so miserable. Eliphaz suggested that God was less just than Men and said that
He is cruel. He reaffirmed Job's faith, however. Job lamented more over his pain
and the wretched spectacle of his torture:
"Oh that I might have my request; and that God would grant me the thing that I
long for! Even that it would please God to destroy me; that he would let loose his
hand, and cut me off! Then should I yet have comfort; yea, I would harden myself
in sorrow: let him not spare; for I have not concealed the words of the Holy One.
What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is mine end, that I should
prolong my life?" Job, 6:8-11
He begged God for forgiveness and asked how long men must live on earth. He
believed that he sinned and should no longer live. Bildad told him to ask God for
help and promised him that God was good. Job was weary of life and wondered if
his suffering could be considered good. Zophar said that his words must be
answered. He asked if men can ever find God and promised that his misery would
be taken away. Job told him that he also had wisdom. He said that all good and evil
was created by God. He said that he was not inferior to them but had suffered
grievously. He alleged that man is always unclean and his life is brief. Eliphaz said
that it was no good to speak in this way and asked Job if God could be a
consolation in any way. He told Job that his words were in vain. Bildad asked if he
would stop speaking in this way. He told Job that good will overcome evil and that
evil is not loved by God. Job asked why they continued to reproach him and
explained that he has been overthrown by God. Zophar told him that the triumph of
evil may be great but the glory of God is everlasting. Job explained that he was not
complaining against God but believed that evil would endure. Eliphar told him that
man's righteousness cannot be profitable to God and that God probably could not
see everything. Job explained that wicked and good alike rose and fell and the
work of men perished like ears of corn. Bildad asserted that God's power was
endless. Job wished to be in his youth or months past when he was blessed. He told
them that others mock him because God has abandoned him. He told them that he
will not abandon his righteous thoughts and has nothing to confess. Everyone fell
Elihu, who had been listening, was enraged because Job has not justified God. He
said that old men are not always wise. He asked why Job strives against God. He
told him that only those who don't strive against God are blessed. He asserted that
Job spoke without true knowledge. He explained that he should fear God. He
explained that no one could know the mind of God. Job asserted that he knew that
God was omnipotent. He has humbled himself. God spoke and said He was angry
against Eliphaz and the others for being unrighteous. Job loved God and worshiped
Him without question. He accepted Job and gave him his children and multiplied
his former wealth.
The book of Job is one of the most troubling books in the bible. Job has honored
his covenant with God to the furthest extent but because of Satan's challenge God
tortures him. God destroyed all of Sodom and Gomorrah but saved Lot because he
was righteous. The treatment of Job disrupts the divine balance of the covenant.
Although men have broken the covenant on multiple occasions, this is the first
time God breaks it completely. The Book of Job addresses the question "why do
bad things happen to good people?" with only a spiritual answer.
Women are only briefly present in the book of Job but their absence is important.
The only action taken by a woman in this book is by Job's wife. She tells him to
curse God and stop living when he has lost everything. Not only does she not share
in Job's immeasurable faith, she also does not comfort him or speak with him in the
way his male friends do.
The Psalms are a collection of spiritual poetry on virtually every subject, and as
such are difficult to summarize. They are a tremendous body of work signifying a
poetic dialogue between man and God.
Like the Psalms, Proverbs are too specific to summarize. They represent a body of
sayings directed at everything from death to government to farming. The tenor of
the entire section is one of contextualized faith and day-to-day living.
A man of Judah, Elimelech went to Moab with his wife Naomi. Their sons married
women out of the Moabites. One of these women was named Ruth. When their
husbands died, Naomi told them to return to their fathers' houses. Ruth would not
go home and traveled with Naomi to Bethlehem. Elimelech's kin, Boaz told her
that she could stay with his maidens because she seemed virtuous. She worked in
the fields and kept a part of the harvest. At Naomi's advice, she approached Boaz
while he was drunk after the threshing. He gave her six measures of barely. Boaz
told the council that he bought all that was Elimelech's from Naomi and intended
to marry Ruth. Ruth bore a child who would be the grandfather of David.
Originally, Israelites were commanded not to take wives from foreign tribes. When
Naomi and her family move into Moab, her sons take foreign wives. Ruth, with the
death of her husband, returns to Bethlehem and toils with the other women there.
Boaz finds her acceptable and takes her as his wife. Her line bears the second king
In the days of Ahasuerus a ruler of Persia, there were extravagant feasts but the
queen would not come at the king's bidding. He decided to give her royal place to
someone more worthy. He sent proclamations all over his empire searching for a
Mordecai, a Jew in his service, headed this search. The keeper of women thought
that Mordecai's daughter, Esther, would be a good match. The king found her
modest and beautiful and chose her. Mordecai told her to hide her heritage.
Mordecai did not bow to Haman, a prince of Persia, and Haman asked if he may
kill Jews to punish their irreverence. Mordecai wept over this and Esther also
grieved. She wanted to go to the king but she was only allowed to go when called.