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missing lecture 3


Department
English
Course Code
ENG234H1
Professor
Michael Baker

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School books
Corn books (could be religious, alphabet)
Primers
Literature written for children
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Fables,
Adventures of Robin Hood
Literature read by children, but not appropriated for children
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Paxton's Printing printed fables and tales such as these
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Puritan Mission: never too young to go to hell
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Revivalist group, instead of depending on church for relation to god, it should be more direct.
Spiritual responsible
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Short Story
The young age of the child compared with the maturity with which she acts is an interesting
comparison.
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Format, with verse numbering similar like a bible
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Full of ohs
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She is full of doubt and anxiety in the face of death.
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The story is very demanding of a child's intellect and spiritual understanding.
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The title means there's no suspense. Her fate in death is sealed, but whether or not she'll have an
afterlife is the climax.
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Her death has an actual date.
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The dates are crafted with meaning, she falls ill on a Friday (good Friday) then Sunday she rises
(Easter Sunday)
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Upon the Bee (Bunyan)
Written metrically, not rhythmically
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Cautionary tale
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Both intellectually and orally demanding
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Against Idleness and Mischief (Watts)
Not preachy in telling what not to do, it's saying do this instead
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More enjoyable to read, more simple
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Bunyan is empowering, saying to go out and kill the bee
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Simplicity of language and sentence structure
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John Locke
Had knowledge of children
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Sound mind in a sound body
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Sound mind: understood that curiosity is a natural faculty given to us to learn. Children shouldn't be
hindered from being children.
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Nursery Rhymes
Cultural Scraps, Pervasive
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First collection in print is 1744, by mary cooper, Tommy Thumb's Pretty Little Song Book
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Joeseph Ritson
1784: published Gammer Gurton's Garland
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James Callowell
1842: nursery Rhymes of England
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In 1900s new poetry was written, for example mother hubbard
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Week One
Tuesday, September 15, 2009
6:40 PM
Week 1 Page 1
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Fairy tales begin as oral stories
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Gesta Romanorum
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1550s, italian, the pleasant knights
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Framed story in which aristocrats flee, and tell stories to each other
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1634: tale of the tail, by john batista basile, the pentameron
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1690s: Histoire du Temps Passe ou Contes de ma mere l'Oye
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1779: 1001 nights was translated into french
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1804: Benjamin tabert published popular stories for the nursery
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Charles perault, brothers grimm
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Grimm brothers studied origins of language and history
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Wrote between German principalities
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Wrote to unify Germany during Napoleonic times
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Revised stories to be more violent in order to suit the taste of their audience
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1812, 15: published first and second volumes of stories 'children's and household tales'
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1841: Peter Asbjornson -- moe, Norwegian fairy tales
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Charles Jacobs, wrote catskin
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Simplified, folky
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Andrew Lang ostensible editor of the coloured fairy books
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Lang's collections were multicultural
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Understanding to role of myth in fairytales
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Grandmother
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Fairy Tales
Tuesday, September 22, 2009
6:13 PM
Week 2 Page 2
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Delight, Reason and Consequence
Chap books, sold by street people, small books often a small sheet folder into 24 pages
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Adventure books, not of the moral type (arthurian adventures, knights, robin hood, arabian nights)
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Illustrations were not plot-based
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These books are important because they created the idea of a market for children's literature
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Preserved idea of heroes during times of rationalism
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Helped spread literacy, helped maintain fairytales
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Gulliver's Travels, Robinson Crusoe
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Newberry took off with the fairytales (mother goose's melody)
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Created stories for the middle class
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Published 20-30 books a year
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Used floral Dutch paper and gilded edges.
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Pretty Polly
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Fever Powder
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Little Polly Friendly
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Her rewards are strictly material, instead of metaphysical
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Rousseau's Emile was a great interest to educators
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Denies literacy until of a certain age
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Raised by a tutor, but is to have no moral education on him until the age of 15
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This is in order to raise him in a manner that is not clouded by societal judgment and imposition
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Data should be come by through the senses
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He should only learn what he wants to
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Mariah and Richard Edgeworth The Purple Jar
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Rational Moralists: Instruction to Delight
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Aim for spiritual happiness
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Scotland was the first country to have mandatory elementary education
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Timeline
1550: Pleasant Nights Italian
1630: Tale of Tales Basile, a collection of framed fairytales
1678: Pilgrim's Progress Bunyan, Fantasy
1686: Book for Boys and GirlsBunyan
1693: Concerning EducationJohn Locke
1696: Tales of Mother Goose Charles Perrault -First Fairy Tales
1715: Divine Songs for Children Isaac Watts Popularized Hymns
1719: Robinson CrusoeDavid Defoe -
1726: Gulliver's TravelsJonathon Swift
1734: Grammar Gerton's Garden Joseph Ritson, to amuse little girls that could read and run
1755: Newberry -wrote for the middle class, decorated books, made children's literature a
sustainable and profitable part of the literary market.
1757: Beauty and the Beast emphasized virtues for young women
1762: EmileJ.J. Rousseau how to educate ourselves while retaining innate human goodness
1801: Purple Jar Mariah Edgeworth
1812-1815: Kinder und HausmarchinWilhelm and Jacob Grimm
1818: Sunday School MoralistsSherwood,
1823-25: Grimm's are translated into English
1857: 7th edition of Brother's Grimm
1859: Origin of the Species Charles Darwin
1865: Alice in Wonderland-Lewis Carroll
1872: The Princess and the GoblinGeorge Macdonald although not particularly well known anymore,
inspired many of the more recognizable contemporary authors.
1890s>: Andrew Lang, coloured fairy books
Alice in Wonderland
Tuesday, October 06, 2009
6:15 PM
Week 4 Page 3
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