Key Concepts

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University of Toronto St. George
Aaron Heisler

ENGB04Key ConceptsBasic ConceptsPoetryliterary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythmVersewriting arranged with a metrical rhythm typically having a rhymeSpeakerPerson who is speaking AddresseePerson who poem is addressed to GenresLyricexpress emotionShaped Poemtypographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effectEpiclengthy narrative poem Elegya poem of serious reflection typically a lament for the deadProsodyMeterbasic rhythmic structure of a verselines in verseScansionmarking the stresses in the poem and working out a meterStressed UnstresseduIambicuTrochaicu trochaic tetrameter stressedunstressed4 feetSpondaicPyrrhicuuPentameterline of verse containing five metrical feetCaesurabreak between words within a metrical footAlliterationsame lettersound at beginning of adjacentclosely connected wordsMasculine ending Feminine ending extrasyllable endingMasculine ending is term used in prosody the study of verse form It refers to a line ending in a stressed syllable Its opposite endingendingis femininewhich describes a linein a stressless syllableRhyme Schemeorder of rhymes at end of linesAssonancerepetition of sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near each other eg penitence and reticence Free verseis an open form It does not use consistent meter patterns rhyme or any other musical pattern It thus tends to follow the rhythm of natural speechSlant rhymein which either the vowels or the consonants of stressed syllables are identical as in eyes light years yours Prosody Variant Iambic hexameter tetrameter trimeter dimeter monometerIambic MetersFormStanzaA group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem
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