Study Guides (256,109)
CA (124,537)
UTSG (8,498)
HIS (297)
HIS242H1 (14)

HIS 242H1

99 Pages
178 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS242H1
Professor
Jennifer Jenkins

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 99 pages of the document.
HIIS 242 Mid-Term Review Notes
Week One- One World Ends and Another Begins
Pgs 1-67 (January. 11th)
Europe at Zenith, 1914 (chapter one)
Qualities gave Europeans a commanding position on the globe in 1914
oThought of themselves as the “civilized world”
oFuture seemed to promise the eventual Europeanization of the world
oIn 1914 more Europeans in the world than ever before or since
Europe and the World
Not through their numbers, but through their dynamism that Europeans dominated
the world in 1914
During the 19th century Europeans had become the first people to alter their
physical environment almost beyond recognition
Europe retained a decisive economic lead
o56% of worlds coal
o60% of the worlds iron and steel
European Traders, Travelers and Investors
Rest of the world was being increasingly drawn into a single world economy with
Europe at its hub
oEuropean mercantile practices
oInternational accounts for companies all over the world were usually
settled in London
oBritish firms owned 70% of the world’s shipping
oFreer international trade was the capstone of thisclassical-liberal system
Brief period from 1860-79, the world’s major trading nations
imposed almost no tariffs on foreign goods, and other kinds of
restrictions on trade virtually vanished
oDynamic Europeans were not content to merely trade with and travel to the
rest of the world, they also invested their money there
www.notesolution.com
In 1914, Europe was the source of 83% of the worlds foreign
investments
Imperialism
Enterprise of the late 19th century- the direct seizure of immense tracts of land
around the world
oAll around Africa except Liberia and Ethiopia
Russia established itself as a major pacific power with the completion of the
Trans-siberian Railroad (1891-1903)
Only Japan managed to stem the european tide, by adopting European industrial
techniques with great success
Some colonies were almost purely commercial propositions
Territories acquired in the rush from 1885 to 1914 were rarely suitable for
European settlement
Europeans were able to defend their world empires in 1914 because of their near
monopoly of modern military force
oIt was unheard of for native forces to gain more than a temporary
advantage over the europeans
European Artists and Scientists
No American physicist or chemist expected to excel in his field without European
study
European Landscapes: Urban and Rural
Europe was the most urban of the continents in 1914
oNorthern and western Europe first region in which a majority of the
population lived in towns and cities
oFastest growing cities and towns were the newer, industrial ones
By the 1990s, Europe remained the most urbanized continent
Social and intellectual impacts of urban living
Life in the City
Industrial revolution poured more crowds into these slums
www.notesolution.com
19th century city-builders operated with a maximum of speculative real estate
development and a minimum of planning, except to locate the new wealthy
quarters west
European reactions to their cities at the opening of the 20th century was
ambivalent
In the midst of its magnificence the city seemed to many a human wasteland
European cities were still irresistible magnets as the 20th century opened
oAmbitious moved bc cities offered far wider opportunities for welth and
fame than the countryside
oRural poor moved bc a bad job was better than none
Much of European creativity could not be imagined without the environment of
towns and cities
Life in Peasant Europe
Traveler crossing the Elbe river into eastern Europe entered a world radically diff
from the efficient commercial farms and urbanized majorities of western and
northern Europe
Russian nobility and gentry still owned 14% of the land
oSame was true in southern Europe
oSouthern italy and spain were dominated by enormous estates
oLandowners excercised social and economic sway in their regions far
beyond the power that came from holding local political office
Agriculture was grossly inefficient
oOne third of Russian peasant holdings still lacked steel ploughs
Population of eastern and southern Europe was underemployed
In eastern and southern Europe a mass of land-hungry peasants formed a powder
keg of unrest ad anger on the eve of the first world war
The Rich and The Poor
Class and Social Rank
Society was highly stratified in Europe in 1914
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
HIIS 242 Mid-Term Review Notes Week One- One World Ends and Another Begins Pgs 1-67 (January. 11 )h Europe at Zenith, 1914 (chapter one) Qualities gave Europeans a commanding position on the globe in 1914 o Thought of themselves as the civilized world o Future seemed to promise the eventual Europeanization of the world o In 1914 more Europeans in the world than ever before or since Europe and the World Not through their numbers, but through their dynamism that Europeans dominated the world in 1914 th During the 19 century Europeans had become the first people to alter their physical environment almost beyond recognition Europe retained a decisive economic lead o 56% of worlds coal o 60% of the worlds iron and steel European Traders, Travelers and Investors Rest of the world was being increasingly drawn into a single world economy with Europe at its hub o European mercantile practices o International accounts for companies all over the world were usually settled in London o British firms owned 70% of the worlds shipping o Freer international trade was the capstone of this classical-liberal system Brief period from 1860-79, the worlds major trading nations imposed almost no tariffs on foreign goods, and other kinds of restrictions on trade virtually vanished o Dynamic Europeans were not content to merely trade with and travel to the rest of the world, they also invested their money there www.notesolution.com In 1914, Europe was the source of 83% of the worlds foreign investments Imperialism Enterprise of the late 19 century- the direct seizure of immense tracts of land around the world o All around Africa except Liberia and Ethiopia Russia established itself as a major pacific power with the completion of the Trans-siberian Railroad (1891-1903) Only Japan managed to stem the european tide, by adopting European industrial techniques with great success Some colonies were almost purely commercial propositions Territories acquired in the rush from 1885 to 1914 were rarely suitable for European settlement Europeans were able to defend their world empires in 1914 because of their near monopoly of modern military force o It was unheard of for native forces to gain more than a temporary advantage over the europeans European Artists and Scientists No American physicist or chemist expected to excel in his field without European study European Landscapes: Urban and Rural Europe was the most urban of the continents in 1914 o Northern and western Europe first region in which a majority of the population lived in towns and cities o Fastest growing cities and towns were the newer, industrial ones By the 1990s, Europe remained the most urbanized continent Social and intellectual impacts of urban living Life in the City Industrial revolution poured more crowds into these slums www.notesolution.com 19 century city-builders operated with a maximum of speculative real estate development and a minimum of planning, except to locate the new wealthy quarters west European reactions to their cities at the opening of the 20 century was ambivalent In the midst of its magnificence the city seemed to many a human wasteland th European cities were still irresistible magnets as the 20 century opened o Ambitious moved bc cities offered far wider opportunities for welth and fame than the countryside o Rural poor moved bc a bad job was better than none Much of European creativity could not be imagined without the environment of towns and cities Life in Peasant Europe Traveler crossing the Elbe river into eastern Europe entered a world radically diff from the efficient commercial farms and urbanized majorities of western and northern Europe Russian nobility and gentry still owned 14% of the land o Same was true in southern Europe o Southern italy and spain were dominated by enormous estates o Landowners excercised social and economic sway in their regions far beyond the power that came from holding local political office Agriculture was grossly inefficient o One third of Russian peasant holdings still lacked steel ploughs Population of eastern and southern Europe was underemployed In eastern and southern Europe a mass of land-hungry peasants formed a powder keg of unrest ad anger on the eve of the first world war The Rich and The Poor Class and Social Rank Society was highly stratified in Europe in 1914 www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit