Study Guides (256,120)
CA (124,546)
UTSG (8,506)
HIS (297)
HIS243H1 (21)

Notes for all the readings

10 Pages
304 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS243H1
Professor
Nicholas Terpstra

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 10 pages of the document.
History 243 exam notes
Poggio Bracciolini, The Ruins of Rome (379-384) (Year 1430)
-Poggio Bracciolini and his friend Antonio Lusco would contemplate the desert ruins
that used to be the great empire of Rome.
-Disaster of fall of Rome exceeds all other historical disasters, whether natural or from
hand of man.
-Rome encapsulated culture, military discipline, morals, laws, virtues, great
rulers/emperors, heros etc...
Lorenzo Valla, The Glories of the Latin Language (131-135) (year 1430-1440)
-Latin is noblest and truest language of the soul
-Latin taught people the liberal arts, the best laws, made way for wisdom, and removed
people from the status of barbarians.
-Latin is glory of Rome, it enhanced vernaculars and promoted peace and love
-Latin is a reminder of the former glory of Rome
-Latin is a single language and therefore better than the many languages of Greece.
-Sad for the decline of Latin because of the destruction of Rome.
-Only recently have arts became to flourish after the destruction of Rome and Latin
Leon Batista Alberti, On Virtù and fortuna (328-331) (year 1434)
-Wonders when he sees families that were once happy and glorious and now lost and
extinguish, could this same fortune fall upon men?
-Many great Italian families with the most talented men are now ruined.
-Not only have these families been reduced, but so have the great men of them
-Could fortune have such power of human affairs?
-Many people who have fallen through their own stupidity, blame it on fortune.
-Man themselves are their own source of fortune and misfortune.
-As well gaining praise/ability/wealth is a result of ability rather than fortune.
-Republics and Principalities also never gained land or glory through fortune, but rather
through just laws, virtuous princes etc…
L.B.Alberti, Self-Portrait of the Universal Man (480-492) (year after 1460?)
-He was always the smartest and well diverse in the arts
-He was also always the best athlete.
-He was the best musician
-Went on to study law, but became ill due to overexertion
-Put aside his legal studies to write the play Philodoxeos (at age of 20)
-Resumed legal studies when his health permitted, but again became sick and doctors
advised him to stop over exerting himself so much, but he did not obey.
-Was forced to stop studies that were most fatiguing to his memory
-At age of 24 he turned to studying physics and math
-Continued to write many small works
www.notesolution.com
-When he was 29 he wrote in Latin, but translated to Tuscan for those who could not
understand it
-No one liked him, but would only slander him behind his back and not in front of other
people because he was so greatly respected
-People disliked him because he was so much greater than them in ability, but not in
fortune
-He was the most honourful and virtuous a man as there could be
-Sought information from any learned man to learn whatever he was ignorant of
-Painted in Venice and wrote a book on painting
Pico della Mirandola, Dignity of Man (476-480) (year 1486)
-What is it that makes man so remarkable and miraculous?
-Man is intermediary between creatures, intimate of higher beings, king of lower beings
-Man has sharper senses and superior reason and intelligence
-Man is the greatest creature because he is envied not only by the beast, but by the
angels in heaven
-God created man giving him the choice to be a higher or a lower being
Giovanni Della Casa, The Perfect Gentleman (340-347) (year 1555)
-Someone who lives among other people in cities requires putting himself forward with
proper manners and gestures
-It is important to act like a gentlemen, avoid cruelties and humilities
-Lists specific actions of men when in presence of company
Giorgio Vasari, The Arts Reborn (140-145) (year 1550)
-Arts are developed through the beauty of nature, and is a god given talent from within
-Simple children raised in the woods are able to make art using only their genius and
nature as a guide
-Art was mastered in Rome, but not maintained and was slowly lost
-Rome was in decline, and then totally destroyed by the barbarians and all its art was
lost
-Destruction of churches, although not affecting Christianity, was a loss of great
architecture
-The artists after this time had to slowly work there way back to the greatness of the
past art
L. Da Vinci, Nature, Art, and Science (531-540)
-Painter should be a mirror, able to reproduce everything in nature
-Painters use their eyes to recreate what they observe in nature
-Poet can tell a story with their pen, but painter can tell it more easily with his brush
-Poets use their ears, painters use their eyes the more reliable sense
-Spectators prefer things told through art rather than words
-Describes the dissection of corpses and the study of anatomy
-Conception of man->youth->adulthood->describe the anatomy
www.notesolution.com
-Finishes by talking about God and building a bridge in his honour
Condivi, Michelangelo Buonarroti (501-512) (year 1553)
-Michael Angelo best painter of his time, often criticized, but many people would pay for
his presence alone
-Pope always seek his advice for paintings and sculptures
-Pope said he would take some of his own life to give to Michael Angelo, so the world
would not be deprived of such a great man
-Quit dissections cause it turned his stomach, but not until he had the knowledge to
write a treatise on the movements of the human body
-Had architect job of St. Peters forced upon him by the pope
-He loved Marchesa of Pescara and wrote her many sonnets
-Enjoyed reading the works of Dante and Petrarca
-Read old and new testaments and the writings of Savonarola
B. Cellini, Casting of the Perseus (540-548) (year 1560)
-Moved from France to his birthplace in Florence to create a Perseus
-Descirbes the process of building the Perseus
-Became ill, had to get his apprentice to finish his work
-On his death bed, but hears that his statue is ruined so he gets out of bed fighting with
his servants to go to the workshop
-His men who he left in charge said it could not be done, Benventuo tells them to obey
his orders and it will work
-Was able to finish it and gave thanks to god
-He then felt a lot better, ate, slept and was no longer bothered by the fever that made
him think he was dying
-Everyone was impressed he had accomplished such an artistic miracle and his rival
Messer Pier Francesco Ricci was pissed
N. Machiavelli, Circle of Governments (263-267) (year 1517)
-Some political writers argue that there are 3 types of govt: Monarchical, Aristocratic,
and democratic
-Others argue there are 6 forms, 3 good (mentioned above), 3 bad, which are a
degradation of the original 3 (ie, monarchytyranny/aristocracyoligarchy)
-Discusses how political society developed over time, chose strongest leaders at first,
later made laws and punishments and chose wisest leaders
-Princes luxuries and influence led to tyranny and therefore plots against the sovereigns
-Prince is overthrown and peace is established, but next generation lost this and fell into
oligarchy, but then had to reclaim power once again
-This process continued as the new generation failed to maintain the political success of
the one prior to it
-This circle is something all republics are destined for, unless they balance all 3 forms of
govt to keep each other in check
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
History 243 exam notes Poggio Bracciolini, The Ruins of Rome (379-384) (Year 1430) -Poggio Bracciolini and his friend Antonio Lusco would contemplate the desert ruins that used to be the great empire of Rome. -Disaster of fall of Rome exceeds all other historical disasters, whether natural or from hand of man. -Rome encapsulated culture, military discipline, morals, laws, virtues, great rulersemperors, heros etc... Lorenzo Valla, The Glories of the Latin Language (131-135) (year 1430-1440) -Latin is noblest and truest language of the soul -Latin taught people the liberal arts, the best laws, made way for wisdom, and removed people from the status of barbarians. -Latin is glory of Rome, it enhanced vernaculars and promoted peace and love -Latin is a reminder of the former glory of Rome -Latin is a single language and therefore better than the many languages of Greece. -Sad for the decline of Latin because of the destruction of Rome. -Only recently have arts became to flourish after the destruction of Rome and Latin Leon Batista Alberti, On Virt and fortuna (328-331) (year 1434) -Wonders when he sees families that were once happy and glorious and now lost and extinguish, could this same fortune fall upon men? -Many great Italian families with the most talented men are now ruined. -Not only have these families been reduced, but so have the great men of them -Could fortune have such power of human affairs? -Many people who have fallen through their own stupidity, blame it on fortune. -Man themselves are their own source of fortune and misfortune. -As well gaining praiseabilitywealth is a result of ability rather than fortune. -Republics and Principalities also never gained land or glory through fortune, but rather through just laws, virtuous princes etc L.B.Alberti, Self-Portrait of the Universal Man (480-492) (year after 1460?) -He was always the smartest and well diverse in the arts -He was also always the best athlete. -He was the best musician -Went on to study law, but became ill due to overexertion -Put aside his legal studies to write the play Philodoxeos (at age of 20) -Resumed legal studies when his health permitted, but again became sick and doctors advised him to stop over exerting himself so much, but he did not obey. -Was forced to stop studies that were most fatiguing to his memory -At age of 24 he turned to studying physics and math -Continued to write many small works www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit