Study notes for lecture 2

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Department
Human Biology
Course
HMB265H1
Professor
Stephen Wright
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 02: Mendelian genetics for single gene traits Organisms resemble their relatives - What factors drive similarities and differences between relatives? Pre-Mendelian understanding of genetics - Individuals with favourable traits chosen for breeding o Ancestors had basic understanding of variable, heritable traits - Questions remain Mendel was different - Traits individually examined o Vs. entire organism - Controlled experiments, recording and counting - Chose apt model organism o Pea plant Apt genetic model - Rapidly reproduces - Easily grownbred - Numerous offspring - Self-fertilizes o Establish pure-breedinginbred lines (genetically homogenous so same characteristics) - Possessing discrete variable traits o V. continuous traits as in complex inherita
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