MUS325H1 Study Guide - Child Prodigy, The Musical Offering, Rococo

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Music
Course
MUS325H1
Professor
Week 1 06/02/2013 11:14:00
WEEK 1 lecture notes
Pre-Enlightenment
-unquestioning and uncritical reliance on the authority of the Church and
hierarchy in general (authoritarian regimes, monarchy, etc.); belief in divine
law
Enlightenment
-develops from philosophical thinking of Descartes; Cartesian philosophy
embraces empirical methods
-vibrant intellectual movement rooted in rationalism and the power of reason
-Rationalism; Age of Reason epitomized by work of Voltaire and the
philosophes
(social reformers whose work culminated in the French Encyclopédie,
1751-65)
-belief in human potential and endeavor, and the power of individual inquiry
-freedom to question everything; take nothing on faith
-submit everything to the rigor of reason and experiment, examination and
inquiry
-define the world through the senses
-man is a thinking being who can use his mind to probe and question
authority/tradition
-engage in philosophical, theological and scientific speculation
Johann Sebastian Bach (1865-1750)
-his music was allied with tradition; a devout Lutheran committed to Church
music
-learned or strict style
-counterpoint; contrapuntal arts (canon, fugue) complexity of texture
-artifice/artificiality
-music with a spiritual purpose and transcendent intenta greater purpose
-music allied to church/worship, humility, mysticism
-music for edification
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-Baroque monumentality, e.g. A Musical Offering (1747) to Frederick the
Great
(a collection of various kinds of pieces based on chromatic theme proposed
by monarch)
vs.
Music at Court of Frederick the Great (King Frederick II, reigned 1740-
1786)
-French, language, fashion, and taste … at a German/Prussian court
headquartered in Berlin
-Sanssouci (―without a care‖)– garden palace in nearby Potsdam
-rococo (French design/decoration with curved arabesques and -ornament)
-galant (―elegant‖) style – free, modern, chic, sophisticated, natural, light,
delightful
- songlike melody, short phrases, light accompaniment, frequent cadences
-melodic dominance with harmonic underpinning
-balance, symmetry and simplicity
-music for enjoyment / music for pleasure, entertaining, and social
engagement [music-making]
-Frederick the Great was a social reformer committed to social change,
humanitarianism & human rights, tolerance, and bettering the lives of his
subjects
FURTHER RESEARCH ON INTERNET (Grove Music Online, Wikipedia
etc.)
People
Johann Sebastian Bach
Carl Philipp Emanuel (C.P.E.) Bach
Frederick the Great King Frederick II of Prussia
Locations/Places
Sanssouci (Potsdam)
Berlin
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Leipzig
Terms
Enlightenment
Rationalism
Age of Reason
Musical Terminology
Melody
Harmony
Accompaniment
Cadence
Counterpoint/contrapuntal style
Galant style
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Document Summary

Unquestioning and uncritical reliance on the authority of the church and hierarchy in general (authoritarian regimes, monarchy, etc. Develops from philosophical thinking of descartes; cartesian philosophy embraces empirical methods. Vibrant intellectual movement rooted in rationalism and the power of reason. Rationalism; age of reason epitomized by work of voltaire and the philosophes (social reformers whose work culminated in the french encyclop die, Belief in human potential and endeavor, and the power of individual inquiry. Freedom to question everything; take nothing on faith. Submit everything to the rigor of reason and experiment, examination and inquiry. Man is a thinking being who can use his mind to probe and question authority/tradition. His music was allied with tradition; a devout lutheran committed to church music. Counterpoint; contrapuntal arts (canon, fugue) complexity of texture. Music with a spiritual purpose and transcendent intent a greater purpose. Baroque monumentality, e. g. a musical offering (1747) to frederick the.

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