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Midterm

NEW232 midterm study notes.docx

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Department
New College
Course
NEW232Y1
Professor
Tony Toneatto
Semester
Summer

Description
NEW232 MT notesCRYSTAL CHEUNGSimilarities between BudWAlleviation of primarily mental sufferingAttention to mental process ie beliefsattitudes can be the source of miseryblissSimilar techniquesstrategies for changing behaviourPragmatic practical approach to happinessCharacterized by multiple theoriesschoolsReliance on empiricalobservational researchEmphasis on selfobservationTranscendenceself realization become the best you can beRole of unconscious to explain complexity of human behaviourRole of expertteachertherapist to discover authentic knowledgePersonal conditioninghistory considered very importantDifferences between BudWBuddhist Psychology Western PsychologyLiberationfreedomenlightenmentAdjustmentaccommodationadaptationFictionalconstructedempty selfEssentialreal selfUnconditional happinessConditional happinessSubjectiveObjectiveIntrospectiveExperimentalRevealed Buddha lived 25 centuries agoProgressive scienceMeditative realm as source of truthExperimental realm as source of truthEthicalAethicalPhenomenologicalReductionist tendencies mindbrainbiologychemistryphysicsenergyNo role for brain in BuddhismNeuroscientific understanding of spiritual practices eg meditationConsciousness is central in BudpsyConsciousness as byproduct of brain in Western psy eg neuroscience behaviourism psychoanalysisBudpsy less focused Western psy more focuses on severe mental illnesses psychiatric disorderbiologicallybased conditionsOlendzki Characters of BudBudpsy focuses on the direct experience consciousness awareness mind subjectivity of the individualDescriptive phenomenology of mind in which the activities of the mind are observed Budpsy explores the dynamics of subjectivity as it unfolds in the present momentintrospective approachScience cannot shed light on the nature of mindexistence on a level of analysis that is outside of our awareness eg describing the scent of a rose to a MartianBudpsy adopts a process view of experienceHuman experience consists of interdependent processes events ie dharmasexperience is constructedCore Buddhist insight mysteries of human condition can be explored in the subjectivity of the present momentStream of consciousness is field of investigationby studying mind we learn about ourselvesOlendzkis 5 insights of Buddhist Psychology 1 Centrality of consciousnesssubjectivity o Without consciousness there is nothing o Exploring consciousness without explaining it psychologically eg neurochemical basis brain parts etc o Explores consciousness eg meditationplacing attention on the present moment where wisdom can arise 2 All human experience manifests through 6 sense systems o Mind is considered to be a sense organcognitive events are objects of the mind o Consciousness emerges from interaction of sense organsense object creating sensory experience o Everything we know comes from the contact between the 6 sensestheir appropriate objects 3 All experience is constructed o Budpsy is the study of phenomenal appearance of what presents to awareness o What appears is a transformationtranslation of the external environment into an internal language of consciousnessPhotonssigh chemicalstastes brain activitycognition o Transformation of raw sensory activation into sensory experience is so radical there is no way to know what preconstructed reality is o Result of this radical translationour own subjectivity o Study of realitystudy of human constructed experience each person has their unique subjective constructed reality o Subjectivity will change from moment to moment each moment is the condition for the next moment o THIS MOMENT RIGHT NOW reflects past influencescurrent conditionsbasis for the next moment 4 Experience is constantly changingan incessant succession of events o Each perception sensation memory etc is a process that can never be experienced identically again o Our brains evolved to reduce our awareness of such fluximpermanence to increase our ability to survive o Much of reality is filtered out for reasons of adaptation o 3 major distortions of Budpsyperceptions of permanence perceptual satisfaction cognitiveself metacognitive 5 Mindbody the egoself consists of 5 interdependent processes that constantly arise and subside o 5 processes skandhas define the self ie mindbody complex o Self consists of i form ii emotionaffect iii perceptioncognition iv conditioned tendencies v consciousness3 Characteristicsqualitiesmarks of phenomena 1 Impermanenceprocesschange aniccaperceptual distortion 2 Sufferingunreliable satisfaction dukkhaemotional distortion 3 Nonselfemptinessconditionality anattacognitive distortion4 Noble Truths summary of Buddhas understanding of mind suffering and happinessbased on realizing the 3 marks of phenomenaNT1 DIAGNOSISthere is sufferingo Our mind is prone to suffer due to our psychobiology
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