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Global Governance

5 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL101Y1
Professor
Jeffrey Kopstein

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Global Governance: Promise and Challenges
final exam: will cover the whole course. greater emphasis on later half.
paper: hard copy in lecture. and upload to turnitin MARCH 21.
In many ways a new concept. tend to focus on gov't. when talking about international
relations talk about relations on the state gov'ts. Now tend to focus on governance,
understood as a process of governing. Brief overview what it entails and the challenges
and what is going wrong and a critical eye.
One way to think about it is to contemplate it against the realist international theory.
Realism is a theory of international relations where the international system is assumed to
be anarchic. Means the absence of world gov't.
League of nations and collective security.
key actor is the nation state.
neoliberal institutionalism
interdependence
positive sum
functionalism
rules and norms
International organization and regimes
states behave according to their national self interest.
Primarily concerned w/ their relative power.
Game of international relations is zero sum power.
Realist IR theory is prone to conflict b/c it is anarchic.
GG is a response of reaction to realism. - might be the league of nations, (answer) At the
core was the idea of the collective security. which said that all states would agree that
aggressive actions by other states was illegal. If one as aggressive than all the others
would get together and punish the other one. A system based on punishment, and was
supposed to work on deterrence. It didn't work.
WWII then emerges, neoliberalism institutionalism is another theory of IR, and it is like
realism it accepts the notion that there is no world governance, presume the world system
is anarchic. They have a more positive view, the realties of complex interdependence. In
the world, states are interdependent on one another. There is economic interdependence.
There are other forms: security; climate change; health and human security. Despite that
it is anarchic there is complex interdependence and b/c of this we as states we cooperate.
It makes good sense, and to cooperate where all states benefit.By cooperating all states
should benefit. It is not meant to replace the anarchic system. Over time we can cooperate
in functionally specific ways. (Climate change, global health). Rules and norms: states by
co-operating they can develop rules and norms, by which they can cooperate. Standards
of appropriate behaviour. We see the seeds of GG, there way be way out of the
pessimism of the realism system.
The european community by which all states would lower tariffs.
UN system of states
most preeminant organization of the world
www.notesolution.com
to maintain inter. peace and security and to that end: to take effective collective measures
for the prevention and removal threats to the peace:
to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal
rights and self-determination of peoples.
to achieve inter. cooperation in csolving inter. problems of an economic, social, cultural
or humanitarian character.
to be a centre for harmonizing problems between states.
GLobal risks.
collective/common (climate change)
borderless world (global health)
uncertainty (technology)
human security (genocide)
- new global risks and GG
what happens over there happens over here, if there are polluters that are creating acid
rains, well it rains on Canada. There global risks are borderless, increasingly these GR
are experienced as new but are not new. go back to the 14th century plague affected all of
europe and most of asian. Because of uncertainty it is experienced as 'new.' Technology,
what happens when people have the knowledge to clone? how do we ensure that these
techn. are not used unethically? Info tech. Cyber security and how they can worm their
way into your comp. Source of GR. Human security- realsists are proud of that there has
been no other WW, but there are civil war all the time and genocides more than before.
Not only spill over effects, but we as in INTER, community it does not sit well w/ us.
What this means is that GG is a real response to GR, that we experience everyday.
Transnational governance;
transnational
rules of the game WTO
goals and targets KYOTO accord
deliberative forums0 G8 and G20
WTO- the precursor was the GATT, that was a GG mechanism where states will
overtime encourage more free trade and lower tariffs. We as a global community will
work together to achieve certain goals. KYOTO accord, 1997, one in which states agreed
to lowr their GHGE by 20% by 2012, (greenhouse gas emissions.) lastly, translational
involves deliberative forums, the are not simply imposed by some Global gov't, but rather
by deliberative forums. forums in which states can deliberate where they can compromise
and come up w/ rules.
Features of GG
1, absence of global gov't.
2. collective fare and commas (financial crisis)
3. functional specialization (WHO)
4. PArticipatory (UN General Assembly)
states agree upping like stimulus spending and regulatory reforms. requires GG.
functional scial. UN cannot do everything so then the GG requires specialist function
like the WHO, world health organization, filled w/ health experts. saw the creation of
international health regulations, IHR, protocols. supposed to be participatory, relaism is
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Global Governance: Promise and Challenges final exam: will cover the whole course. greater emphasis on later half. paper: hard copy in lecture. and upload to turnitin MARCH 21. In many ways a new concept. tend to focus on govt. when talking about international relations talk about relations on the state govts. Now tend to focus on governance, understood as a process of governing. Brief overview what it entails and the challenges and what is going wrong and a critical eye. One way to think about it is to contemplate it against the realist international theory. Realism is a theory of international relations where the international system is assumed to be anarchic. Means the absence of world govt. League of nations and collective security. key actor is the nation state. neoliberal institutionalism interdependence positive sum functionalism rules and norms International organization and regimes states behave according to their national self interest. Primarily concerned w their relative power. Game of international relations is zero sum power. Realist IR theory is prone to conflict bc it is anarchic. GG is a response of reaction to realism. - might be the league of nations, (answer) At the core was the idea of the collective security. which said that all states would agree that aggressive actions by other states was illegal. If one as aggressive than all the others would get together and punish the other one. A system based on punishment, and was supposed to work on deterrence. It didnt work. WWII then emerges, neoliberalism institutionalism is another theory of IR, and it is like realism it accepts the notion that there is no world governance, presume the world system is anarchic. They have a more positive view, the realties of complex interdependence. In the world, states are interdependent on one another. There is economic interdependence. There are other forms: security; climate change; health and human security. Despite that it is anarchic there is complex interdependence and bc of this we as states we cooperate. It makes good sense, and to cooperate where all states benefit.By cooperating all states should benefit. It is not meant to replace the anarchic system. Over time we can cooperate in functionally specific ways. (Climate change, global health). Rules and norms: states by co-operating they can develop rules and norms, by which they can cooperate. Standards of appropriate behaviour. We see the seeds of GG, there way be way out of the pessimism of the realism system. The european community by which all states would lower tariffs. UN system of states most preeminant organization of the world www.notesolution.com
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