However, Marx and Machiavelli differ on how to treat the people of the said
Country. Machiavelli believed in total and absolute power at any cost. Marx
was more of a man who favored working together in order to achieve goals.
Machieavelli belived power must maintained by the ruler at any cost. It is
better to be feared and loved than be just loved. Marx was more about how
the leader or government should work for the people. Maintaining power to
him is focused on simply keeping the working class happy.
2. Compare and contrast Machiavelli=s critique of the Christian god
in the name of virtù with Socrates= critique of the Homeric gods in the
name of justice.
God is a very powerful symbol in modern society past and present. To many
of the earth’s pop he presents the good of society. Virtue and Justice is one
of the things we also value in society, in order to function competently.
Machiavelli and Socrates have two completely different approaches to their
critique of the God as we know it. Socrates bases his on the value of justice,
while Nicolo bases his on virtute
Machiavelli, is man who believes in power by any means possible. In this
case, Machiavelli believes God does govern over everything, but ultimately it
is up the humans to change their status. According to Nicolo, men are in
control of their own destiny, and should use any means possible in order to
achive their goals. If you control your fortune, you will achieve the goal.
Socrates, feels that God is human, that he represents humanity. With Homer,
he shows that unlike what Machiavelli preaches, he does not have to repress
his humanity in order to be courageous, in order to be brave. Politics is not
necessarily about virtue than it is about managing Human emotions.
3. Both Socrates, in Book 4 of the Republic, and Hobbes, in the
Preface to Leviathan, establish parallels between the structure of the best
or legitimate society and that of the individuals who compose it. Yet these
parallels are very different, as are the roles they play in the arguments of
the respective thinkers. Discuss.
Society is the core of humanity. Society brings us together and sets the rules
to live by. How we do that is debated for many, many year. Among the
philosophers, many different ideas have stood out over the test of time. Both
Socrates and Hobbes have made arguments on how society should function. And in
this case, both arguments are vastly different from one another
Socrates and Plato were more conformist that most of the philosophers. They
were of the belief that society needed to work together to function. In order to do